Enterprise SSD Drives #ssd #storage #server


Server Virtualization

Random I/O and high data access demands can be severely impacted by traditional mechanical hard drives in a virtualized host. Retrieving data and servicing enterprise applications and users have become limiting factors in overall system performance. Kingston solid-state drives (SSDs) are the ideal storage accelerator solution for virtualized workloads and contribute to a fundamental goal of virtualization by doing more with less.

Cloud Computing

As cloud-based storage becomes increasingly popular, new demands are being placed on the storage infrastructure. A tiered storage model ensures that an organization has the right data on the right tier to maximize not only cost but also performance. The fast-retrieving capabilities of SSDs enable cloud services to operate at peak efficiency for each type of data being processed.

IT Applications

Kingston s SATA 3.0 Enterprise SSDs provide users with very fast data access for a wide variety of enterprise applications. They can be used as direct attached storage replacements for hard disk drives in a server or reside in external arrays to speed up storage-bound applications.

Technical Briefs and Videos

Bemis New York White Soft Close Toilet Seat #new #york #mini #storage


Bemis New York White Soft Close Toilet Seat

Bemis New York White Soft Close Toilet Seat

Product Information

This Bemis New York white toilet seat features a soft close function, meaning that it will close slowly and quietly when put down. The seat is made from moulded wood and comes with sta-tite® fastening system and silentium® adjustable chrome tuck-under hinges.

  • Compatibility: Most toilets – Use a 13mm spanner to tighten and snap the bottom portion of the STA-TITE nuts
  • Assembly required
  • 2 years Manufacturers guarantee

Features and Benefits

  • Made using responsibly sourced, Forest Friendly timber
  • STA-TITE® – patented fixing system that will not loosen! Simple, “no mess” installation ensures your seat stays tight on the pan
  • Silentium® – Slowly and quietly closes to prevent slamming and pinched fingers
  • Durable, FSC-certified American Innova® moulded wood with a high-gloss, water-based paint finish
  • Adjustable chrome tuck-under hinges are stylish and help to create the perfect fit on your pan
  • Environmentally friendly – made with responsibly sourced woods and water-based paints

Technical Specifications

Technical specification of Bemis New York White Soft Close Toilet Seat

Toilet lid closure

You may want to change your kitchen tap for a number of reasons. It may not be working efficiently or you might want to update and refresh your kitchen. Either way, replacing a kitchen tap is relatively straightforward with a little planning and the right tools for the job.

For this project, we are going to install a monobloc mixer tap in a sink with a single hole.

Reviews 3.7 out of 5 stars

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Product reassurances

Choose a convenient delivery date on 1000s of products

Chula Vista Self Storage #records #storage #facilities


Chula Vista Storage & RV Parking

We’ve proudly served local residents & business owners for over 18 years with 2 Chula Vista self storage locations: A Storage Place – Chula Vista and A Storage Place – Main St. Our parent company, A Storage Place. owns and operates 29 storage facilities in the Southwestern U.S. and has been in the storage business for over 35 years. In Chula Vista, we provide storage units of all sizes – both indoor and convenient drive up. Our rates are competitive and move-in specials help keep your moving costs low. Both locations offer free use of moving truck to help ease the burden of moving your items into storage (please call for details.) Our Anita St. location offers RV & boat parking, up to 30ft in length.

Facility security is our strong point.

State-of-the-art video surveillance cameras operate 24 hours a day. Electronic keypad gate access system records all entry and departures from our facility. Our managers live on the property and provide the invaluable human element of security.

Expect positive & pleasant customer service.

We know that moving is never easy, so we do our best to provide a positive and easy storage experience for all tenants. It’s important to us that each and every tenant is completely satisfied during their entire stay with us. Come by for a tour of our facility and let us show you why we’re Chula Vista’s favorite storage company.

Available Rate Discounts

We offer discounts off monthly rates for the following groups (with current ID):

  • 15% – Active Military
  • 10% – Seniors
  • 10% – Students/Faculty
  • 10% – Fire/Police
  • 10% – Chamber Members

Facility Features

  • Completely Fenced Gated
  • Infrared Alarm System
    Surveillance Cameras
  • Onsite Managers
    Digital Keypad Access
  • Month-To-Month Rent, No Contracts
  • No Deposits
  • 12-Month Rate Lock In
  • Refer-a-Friend Bonus
  • Full Line of Packing Supplies

Service Areas

We provide self storage solutions to the following areas:

Bonita, Chula Vista, Eastlake, Imperial Beach, National City, Otay Mesa, Paradise Hills, Rancho Del Rey, Terra Nova

StorageNewsletter – IBM SmartCloud Virtual Storage Center V5 #virtual #storage #center


IBM SmartCloud Virtual Storage Center V5.2.5. as part of the continuous delivery of software functions since V5.2, provides more efficient virtualization management and data protection for heterogeneous storage environments.

It helps IT storage managers migrate to an agile cloud-based storage environment and manage it more effectively without having to replace existing storage systems.

This offering helps remove the physicality of storage, as well as the complexity associated with managing multivendor infrastructures. It ultimately helps businesses to optimize provisioning, capacity, availability, data protection, reporting, and management for virtualized storage.

SmartCloud Virtual Storage Center V5.2.5 provides a storage virtualization platform and capabilities for storage virtualization management. Version 5.2.5 delivers to organizations, under one licensed software product, the complete set of advanced functions available in the IBM Tivoli Storage Productivity Center Storage Analytics Engine, all of the functions available for virtualization, remote mirroring and FlashCopy of the IBM System Storage SAN Volume Controller (SVC), Storwize V7000, Storwize V5000, and FlashSystem V840 Enterprise Performance Solution, and licenses all the capabilities of Tivoli Storage FlashCopy Manager.

SmartCloud Virtual Storage Center V5.2.5
has following capabilities that help provide for:

  • Automated optimization of the cross-platform, virtual storage environment with storage pool balancing and storage tier analysis, and virtual volume transformation.
  • A web-based user interface that helps provide improved device management, custom tags, and agent-less (unmanaged) server management.
  • Performance troubleshooting enhancements with a performance monitor and health view, threshold violation views with charts, and simplified views of performance information for all resources.
  • Replication management of SAN Volume Controller Change Volumes, the lower bandwidth, remote mirroring.
  • Performance improvements for remote mirroring.
  • Volume provisioning with ease of use in the web-based user interface and influencing of the Storage Management API for cloud (SMAC).
  • Volume performance reports by server, unmanaged server, and hypervisor, and performance data exports to multi-tab Microsoft Excel spreadsheets.
  • Extension of Tivoli Storage Productivity Center benefits into the VMware vCenter through the web client extension.
  • Enhanced VMware support as a vSphere API for Storage Awareness (VASA) provider.
  • Extension of block-storage provisioning capabilities to the SmartCloud Storage Access web portal, which is available separately.
  • Optional separate licensing available for the integrated IBM real-time compression capability that enables use of compression for production data.
  • Optional separate licensing is available for the SmartCloud Storage Access program product that provides a self-service portal to SmartCloud Virtual Storage Center provisioning functions.

Planned availability date

  • March 13, 2015. Electronic software delivery
  • April 10, 2015. Media and documentation

NYC Mini Storage, Inc is the Premier Self-Storage NYC Facility #self #storage


Secure Self Storage Units in NYC

Storage in NYC is a problem. Whether it’s increasing real estate prices or the shrinking size of homes in the city many of us find storage units a necessity to life here. Finding a storage unit that is safe, convenient, and affordable is a whole other task. Here at NYC Mini Storage we seek to be all of these and more for our customers. Our personnel strive to meet these expectations and more.

So if you need help relocating, downsizing, restructure, renovating, or you’ve just run out of closet space we are the right solution for you. Located a block away from the East River in the Bronx our storage units can fill whatever needs you have. We offer personal, commercial, and vehicle or car storage. Our contracts can fit short term or long term needs as our storage specialists are here to find what solution works for you.


What exactly do you get when renting with NYC Mini Storage? All of our units are fitted with advanced climate controlled areas. This insures that all of your belongings are safe from drastic changes in temperature and humidity. Our self-storage facility is also equipped with the latest in surveillance system so you’ll know that your items are safe and secure. A further list of all of our features can be found below:

  • Advanced surveillance cameras
  • Licensed and insured storage facility
  • Alarm systems and fire proof
  • 24-hour under vigilance
  • Fire safety
  • Timely pest control service to ensure no damage is caused due to pests and rodents
  • Close proximity to public transportation
  • Various sizes as per your requirements
  • Competitive rates
  • Both short and long-term storage arrangements

Service and Safety First

Our team is known for offering exceptional storage services across New York and its boroughs. So whether you’re looking for an affordable unit outside of Manhattan or a local place to drop off some things in the Bronx we have you covered. Located just a few blocks from the Cypress Ave stop on the 6 our location is easy and affordable to visit.

We give significance to the safety of your belongings and keep your convenience as our first priority. This is why; our storage facility can be accessed 7 days a week, making it easier for you to make the most of your storage space. We hope we’ve made it easier for people to find a safe and affordable place to keep their belongings safe. To inquire more or learn about our units feel free to request and estimate via our form at the top of the page or give us a call at 718-742-2222.

Or better yet, read customer reviews or check out our blog to see some recent customer experiences and to give you an idea of what we’re all about at NYC Mini Storage!

NYC Mini Storage, Inc. Locations

Garage Makeovers, Garage Flooring, Storage – Organization Systems #garage, #cabinets, #interiors, #floors,




Garage Interiors

Garage Cabinets

Garage Cabinets

Garage Cabinets

Garage Floor Coatings

Garage Floor Coatings

Floor Coatings

Garage Organization Systems

Garage Organizers

Garage Organizers

Become A Dealer

Become A Dealer

Become A Dealer

Slide-Lok Garage Cabinets, Garage Floor Coatings, Slat-Wall, Overhead Racks

Slide-Lok is the North American leader when it comes to providing high quality, long lasting garage interiors. Our brand is the longest continuing garage interiors brand in North America since 1987.

From our industry leading polyaspartic garage floor coatings that are 4x stronger than epoxy garage floors and that can be completed in a single day, to our Slat-Wall and Overhead Storage solutions, to our best-in-class, plywood garage cabinets, Slide-Lok garage interior solutions are always the right choice!

Cabinet Styles

Flooring Samples

The Garage Makeover Series by Slide-Lok

Slide-Lok’s cabinets are the only true garage storage cabinets on the market. Purposely built for the garage made from plywood – not particle board, patented dovetail joints for easy assembly, modular design for mix and match configurability, adjustable shelves, drawer options, benchtop options, and even adjustable feet to be level in the garage off the floor. Slide-Lok’s garage cabinets are the only cabinet you need consider, perfect for the garage or any storage application.

In as little as one day, our installers can transform your garage from old, dull and cluttered to an appealing, vibrant and organized garage. Watch our garage makeover video below to get an idea for what your garage could look like in as little as one day! Continue reading about our garage makeovers.

Professional Installation Available

An authorized Slide-Lok garage cabinets dealer would be happy to install your Slide-Lok modular garage storage system. To find your nearest Slide-Lok dealer contact us .

Do It Yourself

If you should decide to assembly your Slide-Lok cabinets yourself, each Slide-Lok cabinet system comes with the hardware needed for assembly and installation. Detailed assembly and installation instructions are also included in each cabinet box, you can also view our detailed assembly instructions.

All of Slide-Lok Garage Interiors are easy to assembly and install because of our patented dovetail assembly system. All cabinet components slide together without force or effort.

Garage Makeovers

Garage Organization Systems consist of plywood garage cabinets, garage flooring, slatwall systems, and overhead storage racks. Mix and match any combination of our storage systems to create the perfect garage or home storage solution for any room in your home. Whether you need 2 feet, 20 feet, or more of storage space, Slide-Lok’s modular garage cabinets, Slatwall storage, and overhead storage racks are the answer you were looking for. Don’t forget garage flooring to complement your new garage makeover.

  • Plywood Cabinets
    NOT Particle Board
  • Unique Patented
    Dovetail Joint
  • Concealable 6-way
    Adjustable Hinges
  • Easy to Assembly
    Modular Design
  • A Custom Look
    with Clean Lines
  • Configure Cabinets
    to Fit Your Needs

Naples Downtown Real Estate, Fifth Avenue South, Homes, Condominiums, th avenue storage.#Th


th avenue storage


The Residences at 5th and 5th development has 11,100 square feet of commercial space fronting Fifth Avenue and Fifth Street at the ground level, and two floors of residences above. A residential lobby at the far western end of the building provides access to the 10 flats on the second and third floors, as well as the private roof garden and pool terrace. A three story townhouse sits at the far north end of the Fifth Street frontage. The townhouse has a private, two-car garage off the rear alley and a private roof deck.

The neoclassical design has a colonnaded base story topped by a balustrade, and is clad in white marble. The second and third floors are set back ten feet from the main streets, providing terraces for the second story flats. The upper stories are adorned by two-story pilasters and are clad in white stucco, with cast stone architectural details. The third floor flats have large terraces off each living area.

At the roof line a large cornice supports a balustrade which surrounds the roof garden and pool area. The swimming pool sits on an elevated terrace which affords open views of the downtown area as well as the Gulf.

At the rear of the building, a formal garden provides an amenity for the flats above. The units on this side of the block have continuous terraces on the second and third floors which have views of the garden below. The rusticated base story along this side of the building is rendered in white stucco.

Parking for the development is accommodated in a private, underground parking garage which is accessed from the rear alley. The residential elevators give residents and guests direct access to the flats above.

Don’t miss this limited opportunity, contact us today.

Established. Experienced. Renowned.



Born in 1947 in the blue collar neighborhood of Dorchester in Boston, Massachusetts, Philip Joseph McCabe was literally raised in the attic of his parents’ overcrowded one-bath home, along with his five siblings. At the age of 19, with the Vietnam War nearing its height, Phil left to join the Air Force, never to return to his native Boston.

While overseas, Phil worked in the field of intelligence, becoming a specialist in the analysis of the Russian missile space program during the Cold War. For his services, he received an honorable discharge from the Air Force after serving four years, primarily in Pakistan and Afghanistan. Upon his discharge from the Air Force, Phil was given the opportunity to join the Central Intelligence Agency. He accepted their offer, and after training at CIA headquarters, was stationed in northern Iran, directly on the border with Russia. During his next four years working overseas, Phil saved every penny he could, knowing he was not meant to be a career CIA employee. In 1972, he resigned his position with the CIA to pursue his real passion – entrepreneurship.


Smallwood, Reynolds, Stewart, Stewart is an internationally established design firm providing innovative professional services for corporate, commercial, hospitality, residential, industrial, government and educational projects. The majority of our services are commissioned by repeat clients in the real estate and development industry. The many longstanding relationships we have developed with our clients reflect our ongoing commitment to quality design and responsive service.

Founded in 1979, the firm is headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, with additional offices in the Republic of Singapore, Shanghai, P.R.C. and Dubai, U.A.E. Smallwood, Reynolds, Stewart, Stewart & Associates, Inc., its subsidiaries and affiliated companies offer design services* in Architecture, Interior Design, Master Planning, Graphic Design and Landscape Architecture. Our widely acclaimed design solutions reflect our ability to creatively respond to the unique objectives of each project while incorporating high standards for quality, technical competence and cost control.

Residences At 5th and 5th

Location / Site Map

Luxurious. Intimate. Stunning.


Building Features
  • Roof top pool
  • Hot tub
  • Grilling area
  • Bar
  • Fire pit
  • Multiple sunning areas
  • Elevator from garage to the roof
  • Each owner have air conditioned storage area.
  • Luxury entrance to residential from 5th Avenue South
  • Below grade parking garage
  • Trash shoots
Innovative. Refined. Distinguished.


The Residences at Fifth and Fifth will be the premier residential address on Fifth Avenue in historic downtown Naples. The three-story building will have 9,800 square feet of luxury shops on the street level, and ten luxury flats on the second and third floors ranging in size from a comfortable 1,940 square feet to an expansive 2,900 square feet. Heavily influenced by neoclassical styling, the ground level of the Residences is clad in white marble, complemented with the upper levels finished in white stucco. The detailing of the facade is based on the traditional architecture from many of the finest townhomes of Britain, such as those in the Mayfair district in London. Great attention has been paid to the proportions and architectural details in order to create an elegant, timeless appeal.

The Residences will have two parking spaces in an underground parking area. The garage will have direct elevator access to the residential floors for the convenience of the owners. The Residences will also have a secure, street level lobby off Fifth Street. The lobby will be entered under a glass canopy into a classically styled, elegantly appointed lobby with a small seating area and private mailroom.

Each residence is entered via a small alcove into a foyer with a tray ceiling. The foyer leads to a generous living and dining area featuring 10 foot ceilings and large glass doors which open onto a wrap-around terrace on the second floor and large balcony on the third level. Each residence has a modern, open kitchen design. They feature gas Wolf range and double ovens, Sub-Zero refrigerator, under-counter ice maker,wine cooler, built-in coffee/espresso maker, Bosch dishwasher, and double sink built into a large island. Along with restaurant inspired appliances, owners will be able to choose between an array of elegant granites or more modern quartz tops for both the kitchens and bathrooms. Choices of wood and porcelain flooring will further enable the owner to customize the kitchen to his or her tastes.

Master suites are luxuriously appointed, with generous walk-in closets, standing tubs, large showers, and double vanities. Premium toilet fixtures and bidets are located in separate rooms. Along with customizable selections for bathroom countertops, owners will also be able to select from choices of marble or fine porcelain for the bathroom floors. With 10- foot cove ceilings, a choice of wood, fine porcelain, or carpets, access to a terrace or private balcony every master provides a private oasis within one’s own home.

All Residences will also enjoy a suite of cutting edge technology features including, Lutron wireless lighting and HVAC controls, high-speed Internet access throughout the building as well as a Smartphone integrated security system.

All residents will have access to a landscaped rooftop with numerous amenities such as, a swimming pool, hot tub, and spacious multi-level sun deck. A dining terrace on the roof will also feature fire pits and a grilling area for social events. Further amenities include a ground floor boardroom and fitness room shared amongst the residents, as well as storage space on the ground level with additional AC storage for the larger residences.

NAS Online Backup #online #backup #storage #solutions


NAS Backup

What is NAS Backup?

NAS Backup is a simple and secure online backup solution for NAS devices or Network Attached Storage devices. It keeps a copy of your files safely online, so that if the files are ever lost or damaged you can restore them quickly and easily. TAPNET Backup is very easy to set up, and once it s configured backups of new and changed files occur automatically or on a schedule.

Backup Services

How does NAS Backup differ From Other Services?

NAS Backup acts like a normal backup but allows for network attached devices to be backed up. Some devices have built in firmware for backup services, but majority do not. Most NAS devices must be backed up through a workstation that has a mapped network drive letter. The software will recognize that it is a NAS device and place the backup in a folder identified with the workstation performing the backup. The data pipes through the local workstation and then to the online space. TAPNET has QNAP and Synology client to reside directly on NAS device simplifying the process.

Backup Process

How To Backup A NAS Device?

99% of NAS devices need to be backed up using a PC or MAC that has a mapped network drive connecting to the folders on the NAS that need to be backed up. When backing up a NAS through a mapped network drive the content of the NAS will appear on the web portal in the icon of the computer doing the backup. However, with QNAP and Synology, the devices can connect directly by installing our native backup client for those devices.

It is important that a computer is selected and the NAS backup performed ONLY from that one computer. Using multiple computers to backup 1 NAS device does NOT backup the NAS to the same backup space. They WILL be separate instances of the same data. To ensure that NAS devices with multiple Terabytes of Data are backed up quickly, select a computer that is fast and always on.
Learn more

When does NAS Backup run?

NAS Backup that is being run as a NAS device backup is controlled by the backup software that is installed on the computer running the backup. The software can be setup on a schedule or using real time scanning. With a NAS device that has many files, it is recommended to use scheduled scanning with a larger lag time between scans so as to let the scan finish before the next one is scheduled to begin.

Once the initial backup is completed and there is not a significant number of files modified regularly then scans can be scheduled more frequently to ensure backups are completed within a reasonable time of changes. When a file is found that is not current with the version online, it is added to the transfer queue. it just works in the background and constantly backs up your files as you work your files are protected all of the time.
Learn more


Where can I see the files I ve backed up?

The files that you ve backed up are all available from your secure web portal. Login with your TAPNET account e-mail address and password, and click on the left menu links to drill down the folders of the device that was used to backup through you ll be able to browse your files just like you can in Windows. You can download files or folders from here with one click.


How can I restore multiple files?

Whether you want to restore your files on a new computer or are recovering from an unfortunate incident, TAPNET lets your browse your TAPNET Backup account, select any file or folder and then restore it straight to your PC, either in its original location or any location you choose.


Can I get access to previous versions of files?

Yes TAPNET Backup allows you to configure any number of revisions of any file. Using the TAPNET Cloud Backup client Restore tab initiate the restore process. Double click on the file to view it s properties you ll see a list of historical versions here and can download whichever one you want.


Can I restore deleted items?

Yes TAPNET Cloud Backup allows you to configure a number of settings on deleted file retention periods.

What is RAID storage? Webopedia Definition #raid, #redundant #array #of #independent #disks,


RAID – redundant array of independent disks

Related Terms

Originally, the term RAID was defined as r edundant a rray of i nexpensive d isks. but now it usually refers to a r edundant a rray of i ndependent d isks. RAID storage uses multiple disks in order to provide fault tolerance, to improve overall performance, and to increase storage capacity in a system. This is in contrast with older storage devices that used only a single disk drive to store data.

RAID allows you to store the same data redundantly (in multiple paces) in a balanced way to improve overall performance. RAID disk drives are used frequently on servers but aren’t generally necessary for personal computers.

How RAID Works

With RAID technology, data can be mirrored on one or more disks in the same array, so that if one disk fails, the data is preserved. Thanks to a technique known as striping (a technique for spreading data over multiple disk drives), RAID also offers the option of reading or writing to more than one disk at the same time in order to improve performance.

In this arrangement, sequential data is broken into segments which are sent to the various disks in the array, speeding up throughput. A typical RAID array uses multiple disks that appear to be a single device so it can provide more storage capacity than a single disk.

Standard RAID Levels

RAID devices use many different architectures, called levels, depending on the desired balance between performance and fault tolerance. RAID levels describe how data is distributed across the drives. Standard RAID levels include the following:

Level 0: Striped disk array without fault tolerance

Provides data striping (spreading out blocks of each file across multiple disk drives) but no redundancy. This improves performance but does not deliver fault tolerance. If one drive fails then all data in the array is lost.

Level 1: Mirroring and duplexing

Provides disk mirroring. Level 1 provides twice the read transaction rate of single disks and the same write transaction rate as single disks.

Level 2: Error-correcting coding

Not a typical implementation and rarely used, Level 2 stripes data at the bit level rather than the block level.

Level 3: Bit-interleaved parity

Provides byte-level striping with a dedicated parity disk. Level 3, which cannot service simultaneous multiple requests, also is rarely used.

Level 4: Dedicated parity drive

A commonly used implementation of RAID, Level 4 provides block-level striping (like Level 0) with a parity disk. If a data disk fails, the parity data is used to create a replacement disk. A disadvantage to Level 4 is that the parity disk can create write bottlenecks.

Level 5: Block interleaved distributed parity

Provides data striping at the byte level and also stripe error correction information. This results in excellent performance and good fault tolerance. Level 5 is one of the most popular implementations of RAID.

Level 6: Independent data disks with double parity

Provides block-level striping with parity data distributed across all disks.

Level 10: A stripe of mirrors

Not one of the original RAID levels, multiple RAID 1 mirrors are created, and a RAID 0 stripe is created over these.

Non-Standard RAID Levels

Some devices use more than one level in a hybrid or nested arrangement, and some vendors also offer non-standard proprietary RAID levels. Examples of non-standard RAID levels include the following:

Level 0+1: A Mirror of Stripes

Not one of the original RAID levels, two RAID 0 stripes are created, and a RAID 1 mirror is created over them. Used for both replicating and sharing data among disks.

Level 7

A trademark of Storage Computer Corporation that adds caching to Levels 3 or 4.


A RAID 1 implementation with more than two disks. Data striping is combined with mirroring each written stripe to one of the remaining disks in the array.


Also called Parity RAID. this is EMC Corporation’s proprietary striped parity RAID system used in its Symmetrix storage systems.

RAID History and Alternative Storage Options

Before RAID devices became popular, most systems used a single drive to store data. This arrangement is sometimes referred to as a SLED (single large expensive disk). However, SLEDs have some drawbacks. First, they can create I/O bottlenecks because the data cannot be read from the disk quickly enough to keep up with the other components in a system, particularly the processor. Second, if a SLED fails, all the data is lost unless it has been recently backed up onto another disk or tape.

In 1987, three University of California, Berkeley, researchers — David Patterson, Garth A. Gibson, and Randy Katz — first defined the term RAID in a paper titled A Case for Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks (RAID). They theorized that spreading data across multiple drives could improve system performance, lower costs and reduce power consumption while avoiding the potential reliability problems inherent in using inexpensive, and less reliable, disks. The paper also described the five original RAID levels.

Today, RAID technology is nearly ubiquitous among enterprise storage devices and is also found in many high-capacity consumer storage devices. However, some non-RAID storage options do exist. One alternative is JBOD (Just a Bunch of Drives). JBOD architecture utilizes multiple disks, but each disk in the device is addressed separately. JBOD provides increased storage capacity versus a single disk, but doesn’t offer the same fault tolerance and performance benefits as RAID devices.

Another RAID alternative is concatenation or spanning. This is the practice of combining multiple disk drives so that they appear to be a single drive. Spanning increases the storage capacity of a drive; however, as with JBOD, spanning does not provide reliability or speed benefits.

RAID Is Not Data Backup

RAID should not be confused with data backup. Although some RAID levels do provide redundancy, experts advise utilizing a separate storage system for backup and disaster recovery purposes.

Setting Up a RAID Array

In order to set up a RAID array, you’ll need a group of disk drives and either a software or a hardware controller. Software RAID runs directly on a server, utilizing server resources. As a result, it may cause some applications to run more slowly. Most server operating systems include some built-in RAID management capabilities.

You can also set up your own RAID array by adding a RAID controller to a server or a desktop PC. The RAID controller runs essentially the same software, but it uses its own processor instead of the system’s CPU. Some less expensive “fake RAID” controllers provide RAID management software but don’t have a separate processor.

Alternatively, you can purchase a pre-built RAID array from a storage vendor. These appliances generally include two RAID controllers and a group of disks in their own housing.

Using a RAID array is usually no different than using any other kind of primary storage. The RAID management will be handled by the hardware or software controller and is generally invisible to the end user.

RAID Technology Standards

The Storage Networking Industry Association has established the Common RAID Disk Data Format (DDF) specification. In an effort to promote interoperability among different RAID vendors, it defines how data should be distributed across the disks in a RAID device.

Another industry group called the RAID Advisory Board worked during the 1990s to promote RAID technology, but the group is no longer active.

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State Water Resources Control Board #state #water #resources #control #board, #swrcb, #state


Storm Water Program

California Board of Professional Engineers, Land Surveyors and Geologists (CBPELSG Licensee) Licensed QSD Training Program

Consistent with Title 16, California Code of Regulations section 475 Code of Professional Conduct, a CBPELSG Licensee shall provide service for a project in a manner that is consistent with the laws, codes, ordnances and regulations applicable to that project. A CBPELSG Licensee shall not misrepresent his or her qualifications to a prospective or existing client or employer. A CBPELSG Licensee shall not misrepresent to a prospective or existing client the CBPELSG Licensee’s scope of responsibility in connection with projects or services for which the CBPELSG Licensee is receiving or will receive compensation from that client.

The State Water Resources Control Board expect that a CBPELSG Licensee has is thorough knowledge of the Construction General Permit requirements, and fully understands the supporting documents and other information available on the Water Boards websites. In addition, a CBPELSG Licensee must have a fundamental knowledge of erosion and sediment control and other construction site pollutants to implement the corrective actions necessary to protect Waters of the United States.

CBPELSG Licensees can register as a Qualified SWPPP Developer (QSD) via the State Water Board s Storm Water Multiple Application and Report Tracking System (SMARTS) online database.

  • CBPELSG QSD Registration in SMARTS Guide
  • CBPELSG Licensee QSD Certification Fact Sheet

Construction General Permit Training

Construction General Permit Review:

CGP Qualified SWPPP Developer (QSD)/ Qualified SWPPP Practitioner (QSP) Exams

The 2009-0009-DWQ Construction General Permit (CGP) requires that Qualified SWPPP Developers (QSDs) and Qualified SWPPP Practitioners (QSPs) attend a State Water Board Sponsored Training Course by September 2, 2011. In accordance with these requirements the State Water Board has approved of CASQA s QSD/QSP training course schedule of these courses is provided by CASQA s approved Trainers of Record .

Scientific Collectors Permit – Bioassessment Sampling

Training Videos

Construction General Permit Video: Introduction to the Legally Responsible Person
June 2013
Video Link
Construction General Permit Video: Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation 2 (RUSLE2) Calculation
Video Link
Construction General Permit Video: Post-Construction Runoff Reduction Calculation in SMARTS
Video Link

Publication Available

CASQA Construction BMP Handbook / Portal

CASQA has developed a new CASQA Construction BMP Handbook / Portal to complement the new State Construction General Permit that takes effect July 2010.

CASQA is making the new CASQA Construction BMP Handbook / Portal available now for annual subscription to help permittees and other users prepare for when the new permit takes effect in July. Get more information about purchasing an annual subscription to the Construction BMP Handbook / Portal.

California Best Management Practices Handbooks

The California Stormwater Best Management Practice Handbooks have provided excellent guidance to the stormwater community since their publication by the Stormwater Quality Task Force (SWQTF) in 1993. The SWQTF has initiated the Handbook Update Project to revise and update the Handbooks to reflect current practices, standards, and knowledge gained about the effectiveness of Best Management Practices (BMPs), and to make the Handbooks more accessible.

The California Stormwater Quality Association is an independent advisory group of regulated entities. The statements and views on its Website do not necessarily reflect those of the State Water Board or the Regional Water Boards.

Order Stormwater Best Management Practice (BMP) Handbooks online .

Erosion Sediment Control Field Manual

Best Management Practices (BMPs) for construction site planning and management. erosion and sediment control, pollution prevention, and sampling guidelines. Descriptions of BMPs are concise and include full-color graphics and installation information including guidelines, timing and limitations. Also includes the new Phase II regulations, the State Board sampling and monitoring guidelines, and long-term maintenance information. ( Revised 2002 )

148 Pages, Full Color

Start at the Source: A Design Guidance Manual for Stormwater Quality Protection

By the Bay Area Stormwater Management Agencies Association (BASMAA). BASMAA’s second edition of Start at the Source focuses on the importance of considering stormwater quality in the early stage of planning and designing land development and redevelopment.

This current edition has been updated and expanded to include commercial, industrial, and institutional development, as well as a technical section to provide more detailed information on the characteristics, application, design criteria, maintenance, and economics of the details that are discussed in this document, examples of case studies, frequently asked questions, and a complete glossary are also included.

Available at www.basmaa.org after May 30, 2003. For additional information please email BASMAA or phone 510 622-2326

The content of these Websites and documents do not necessarily reflect the view and policies of the State Water Resources Control Board, nor does the mention of trade names or commercial products constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.

Questions or Comments?