The Peters Projection and the Mercator Map #wikipedia #questions #and #answers


#peters answers

#

The Peters Projection and the Mercator Map

By Matt Rosenberg. Geography Expert

Updated July 31, 2016.

Proponents of the Peters projection map claim that their map is a good, fair, and non-racist view of the world. They re comparing their map to the almost-defunct Mercator map. Unfortunately, geographers and cartographers agree that neither map projection is appropriate for use as a map of our planet.

The Mercator vs. Peters controversy is truly a moot point. Both maps are rectangular projections and are poor representations of the planet.

Continue Reading Below

But here s how each came to prominence and in most cases, misuse.

The Peters Projection

German historian and journalist Arno Peters called a press conference in 1973 to announce his new map projection that treated each country fairly by representing area accurately. The Peters projection map used a rectangular coordinate system that showed parallel lines of latitude and longitude.

Skilled at marketing, Arno claimed that his map more fairly displayed third world countries than the popular Mercator projection map, which distorts and dramatically enlarges the size of Eurasian and North American countries.

While the Peters projection does (almost) represent land of equal area equally, all map projections distort the shape of the earth, a sphere.

Peters Picks up Popularity

Proponents of the Peters map were vociferous and demanded that organizations switch to the new, fairer map of the world. Even the United Nations Development Programme began using the Peters projection in its maps. But the popularity of the Peters Projection may have been due to a lack of knowledge about basic cartography.

Today, relatively few organizations use the map, yet the evangelizing continues.

Continue Reading Below

Peters chose to compare his strange-looking map to the Mercator map because he knew that it was an inappropriate map of the earth. Defenders of the Peters projection claim that the Mercator projection distorts the size of countries and continents in the Northern Hemisphere and a place like Greenland appears to be the same size as Africa, yet Africa s land mass is actually fourteen times larger. These claims are certainly all true and correct.

The Mercator map was never intended to be used as a wall map and by the time Peters started complaining about it, the Mercator map was well on its way out of fashion anyway.

The Mercator Map

The Mercator projection was developed in 1569 by Gerardus Mercator as a navigation tool. Like the Peters map, the grid is rectangular and lines of latitude and longitude are all parallel. The Mercator map was designed as an aid to navigators since straight lines on the Mercator projection are loxodromes or rhumb lines — representing lines of constant compass bearing — perfect for true direction.

If a navigator wishes to sail from Spain to the West Indies, all he has to do is draw a line between the two points and the navigator knows which compass direction to continually sail to reach their destination.

The Mercator map has always been a poor projection for a world map, yet due to its rectangular grid and shape, geographically illiterate publishers found it useful for wall maps, atlas maps, and maps in books and newspapers published by non-geographers. It became the standard map projection in the mental map of most westerners. The argument against the Mercator projection by the pro-Peters folks usually discusses its advantage for colonial powers by making Europe look a lot larger than it actually is on the globe.

Mercator No Longer Widely Used

Fortunately, over the past few decades, the Mercator projection has fallen into disuse from many reliable sources. In a 1980s study, two British geographers discovered that the Mercator map did not exist among dozens of atlases examined.

But some major map companies still produce wall maps using the Mercator projection.

In 1989, seven North American professional geographic organizations (including the American Cartographic Association, National Council for Geographic Education, Association of American Geographers, and the National Geographic Society) adopted a resolution that called for a ban on all rectangular coordinate maps.

The resolution called for the complete elimination of use of the Mercator as well as the Peters projection. But what to replace them with?

Alternatives to Mercator and Peters

Non-rectangular maps have been around for a long time. The National Geographic Society adopted the Van der Grinten projection, which encloses the world in a circle, in 1922. Then in 1988, they switched to the Robinson projection, on which the high latitudes are less distorted in size (but more so in shape). Also in 1998, the Society began using the Winkel Tripel projection, which provides a slightly better balance between size and shape than the Robinson projection.

Compromise projections like the Robinson or Winkle Tripel present the world in a more globe-like look and are strongly encouraged by geographers. These are the types of projections you ll see on maps of continents or of the world today.


Lizard Point Geography Quizzes clickable map quizzes for fun and learning #christian


#geography answers

#

Introduction to Customized Quizzes

Create quizzes with just the questions for the places you are studying. Watch this video to see how it works.

Quick introduction to the Personalized Quiz Tracker

The Personalized Quiz Tracker saves your best scores and awards you with stamps as you progress. Watch this quick video to see how it works.

Have you tried Study Mode yet?

Study mode, launched at the end of March, provides all kinds of additional material on countries, and on the US states. Watch this quick video to see how it works.

For Teachers

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  • Monitor your students’ progress
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    Geography newsletter

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    Weekly trivia

    Test your knowledge of places, bodies of water, flags, world leaders and more with our weekly geography trivia quizzes.

    What’s new

    For Supporters first: Two new map-flag quizzes. Asia flags and Americas flags.

    Supporters see new quizzes and features listed here before everyone else has access. Become a supporter to get priority access to quizzes and features not released publicly yet.

    Please visit the what’s new section of our blog. where we announce new quizzes and features.

    Top 10 Quizzes


  • Mr Plumber in Columbus, OH 43232 #mr #plumber, #reviews, #ratings, #recommendations, #best,


    #

    Find a local business

    Mr Plumber

    Other reviews from the web (22) view all

    GREAT SERVICE | SUPER LOW PRICED | RECOMMENED TO ALL

    I Had to have a water service line replaced, because mine was broken and leaking water into my basement. I had 6 other plumbing contractors come out and look at it and there estimates ranged between 2350 and 4300. So i kept on with my search and came across mr. plumber check up on them they don’t single bad comment anywhere.

    The plumbers from mr. plumber came out gave me a quote of 1225 and I agreed right there on the spot signed the contract they were to come out monday by 10 am they did not make it there until 11. I was not mad or did not say one word to them about it but them manager.

    Editorial review from Citysearch

    Please don’t use this plumber, Justin Macnealy, he has a record and has been in jail for fraud and passing bad checks (in 2012). Google his name, you will find out. He is totally undependable. His wife is on here is giving an excellent review for the business under the name of Nancy Darst, her real name is Jamie Macnealy. You have to write your checks to Jamie stating she is the “”owner”” of the business. He never tells you she is his wife. She is supposedly on disability, so she is ripping off the government if she owns a business. These people need to be reported.

    Business description (3) view all

    Mission Statement: To meet our customer’s needs by utilizing the latest technology and standards in professional service, making Mr. Plumber a symbol of dependability and satisfaction. History: Mr. Plumber was founded in 1995. We are a family, locally owned and Operated company with a tradition of professionalism and Quality. Mr. Plumber is led by the most experienced people in our local.

    Posted on May 13, 2014. Brought to you by binglocal.

    Established in 1995, We strive to set the bar in Reliability, Quality, Performance, and Customer satisfaction! That is why we back all our work with a 2 year Parts & Labor warranty. Which is double the normal standard. We also back our performance with a 100% Customer Satisfaction Guarantee, So if your not happy with the quality of our services. You get your money back!

    Posted on January 07, 2014. Brought to you by angieslist.


    Online server #ragnarok, #online, #ro, #private #server, #vps, #database, #guide, #job, #quest,


    #

    Happy New Year From RMS

    I missed the opportunity to greet everyone a Merry Christmas, so I will start by wishing everyone have a Happy New Year. Every year around this time, I have the feeling to take a look back at how Ragnarok Online has come along. As I have probably said it before, what started out as a pastime once upon a time during a Christmas holiday had turned into a major part of my life for the last 10+ years.

    Over the last year, I’ve seen many players feeling nostalgic and came back to RO looking for their happy memory. This is all thanks to the years of work from many talented people put into emulator projects. While keeping good record of the game’s development, servers are able to go back in time and create their own golden age of RO. It is a really nice concept that servers these days can choose to start at one episode and live back in the time that they think is the best. I appreciate every servers created by people who have a heart for RO and the effort they put into (re)building the shared memory we have.

    As for 2016, I await for more quality server to come and keep the community strong. Once again, thanks for supporting RMS over the years. Also thanks for all the players and developers that have contributed to Ragnarok Online.

    I wish you all have a wonderful year in 2016.


    Animal Control Nationwide Map of USA States, Cities and Counties – Professional


    #

    For nationwide wildlife removal services call 1-888-488-7720 for a free phone quote.

    Welcome to Allstate Animal Control!

    Allstate Animal Control’s national directory of wildlife removal experts. We are professional trappers who stop or control problem wild animals, birds, and snakes that enter uninvited into man made structures, homes, businesses, or properties. Please use the above map to locate a wildlife removal specialist near you: SIMPLY CLICK ON YOUR STATE.

    The professional pest and animal controllers listed on this site remove or resolve conflicts between man and beast. They use humane methods of lethal and non-lethal animal control including trapping, venting, and block-out techniques as available and permitted by law in the states, cities, and counties they service.

    Are you stressed out because of wildlife infestations?

    At Last – a solution to your wild animal problem!

    • Does it sound like a ghost is romping around in your attic?
    • Is there screeching in your chimney?
    • Losing sleep from nighttime animal noises in your attic, ceiling or walls?
    • Unable to ignore the smells of dead animals in your crawlspace any longer?
    • Garbage cans tipped over by skunks or raccoons?
    • Lawn damaged by moles or gophers?
    • Pigeon droppings on your roof or car?
    • Thumping and bumping in the attic?
    • Sounds of crying or fighting in the chimney?
    • New smell of animal waste / urine?
    We solve them all.

    Find a Wildlife Removal Specialist -Video

    • We provide Wildlife Removal by experienced professional trappers.
    • We offer Decontamination and Repairs.
    • Use our Map Directory to locate a professional near you.
    • Prevent wild animals from further damaging your property.

    To find a solution to your wild animal problem, please click your state on the above map, or select from the list of states below. This will allow you to locate a trained wildlife control technician or professional trapper in the city or county nearest you. Our animal control experts can deal with any wildlife problem you may have.

    A glimpse at what we can do

    Our experienced professional trappers offer pigeon and bird control, bat removal, and relief from other pest animals. Many nuisance wildlife companies offer critter capture and control; our wildlife operators provide professional pest wild animal management. We remove the following AND MORE:

    • Skunks that damage gardens & make dens under porches/in crawlspaces
    • Bats from attics and eaves
    • Pigeons from rooftops
    • Swallow nests from stucco, log siding, exterior walls and eaves
    • Voles that dig and tear up root systems and destroy lawns
    • Woodpeckers that drill in cedar siding and stucco
    • Gophers and moles from damaging gardens and golf courses
    • Feral cats from neighborhoods and parks
    • Mice from attics, walls, basements, crawlspaces, etc.
    • Raccoons from attics and chimneys
    • Rats and squirrels from attics, flower gardens, yards, commercial and
    • industrial property
    • Beavers from rivers, lakes and ponds
    How To Do It Yourself

    Click on the link below where you can get step by step instructions of how to get rid of wildlife pest yourself

    Do it Yourself Wildlife Removal -Video


    San Diego Community College District #san #diego #mesa #college #campus #map, #san


    #

    District Links

    The San Diego Community College District is the second-largest district in California. The rate of San Diego Community College District students transferring to a four-year college is higher than the statewide average. City College’s Robotics Team competes annually in the U.S. Navy’s international RoboSub Competition. San Diego Continuing Education awards more certificates of completion than any other noncredit adult educational institution in California. San Diego Continuing Education offers more than 30 free short-term Job Training/Certificate Programs in popular areas such as culinary arts, automotive technology, interactive media, nursing assistant, and child development. More than 42,000 military personnel are enrolled in the San Diego Community College District’s Military Education Program at 26 military bases in 16 states. Mesa College’s Gallery is home to outstanding work by contemporary artists and students.


    Laughlin s Pest Control in St Paul #laughlin’s #pest #control, #laughlin’s #pest


    #

    Laughlin s Pest Control

    • About: Pest Management Service Since 1920. Laughlin’s Pest Control and Critter Control of Minnesota has been proudly serving St. Paul, MN and the surrounding area since 1920. We are a full-service pest management and more Pest Management Service Since 1920. Laughlin’s Pest Control and Critter Control of Minnesota has been proudly serving St. Paul, MN and the surrounding area since 1920. We are a full-service pest management and wildlife control company for residential, commercial and industrial properties. No one likes unwelcome guests. What kind of invaders are you dealing with? Crawling? Flying? Buzzing? Let Laughlin’s Pest Control help kick them out. Mice or mosquitoes, bats or birds, raccoons and rodents, we have seen and dealt with it all. We provide the following pest control services: * Ants * Fleas, ticks and bed bugs * Bees and wasps * Rodents * Cockroaches * Spiders * Wildlife control Laughlin’s Pest Control also offers 24-hour dispatch and emergency services so you do not have to live with your problem for long. Often we can service you the same day. Ask us about preventative maintenance measures as well. We are family owned and operated with a strong commitment to quality work, respect for your home, and customer satisfaction. Call Laughlin’s Pest Control today for a pest removal estimate.
    • Categories: Pest Control. Home Garden Service

    You might also like

    637 Cedar Lake Rd S

    1043 Grand Ave, Ste 334

    Some business information provided by Infogroup , Omaha, Nebraska Copyright 2014.


    The Peters Projection and the Mercator Map #quiz #questions #and #answers


    #peters answers

    #

    The Peters Projection and the Mercator Map

    By Matt Rosenberg. Geography Expert

    Updated July 31, 2016.

    Proponents of the Peters projection map claim that their map is a good, fair, and non-racist view of the world. They re comparing their map to the almost-defunct Mercator map. Unfortunately, geographers and cartographers agree that neither map projection is appropriate for use as a map of our planet.

    The Mercator vs. Peters controversy is truly a moot point. Both maps are rectangular projections and are poor representations of the planet.

    Continue Reading Below

    But here s how each came to prominence and in most cases, misuse.

    The Peters Projection

    German historian and journalist Arno Peters called a press conference in 1973 to announce his new map projection that treated each country fairly by representing area accurately. The Peters projection map used a rectangular coordinate system that showed parallel lines of latitude and longitude.

    Skilled at marketing, Arno claimed that his map more fairly displayed third world countries than the popular Mercator projection map, which distorts and dramatically enlarges the size of Eurasian and North American countries.

    While the Peters projection does (almost) represent land of equal area equally, all map projections distort the shape of the earth, a sphere.

    Peters Picks up Popularity

    Proponents of the Peters map were vociferous and demanded that organizations switch to the new, fairer map of the world. Even the United Nations Development Programme began using the Peters projection in its maps. But the popularity of the Peters Projection may have been due to a lack of knowledge about basic cartography.

    Today, relatively few organizations use the map, yet the evangelizing continues.

    Continue Reading Below

    Peters chose to compare his strange-looking map to the Mercator map because he knew that it was an inappropriate map of the earth. Defenders of the Peters projection claim that the Mercator projection distorts the size of countries and continents in the Northern Hemisphere and a place like Greenland appears to be the same size as Africa, yet Africa s land mass is actually fourteen times larger. These claims are certainly all true and correct.

    The Mercator map was never intended to be used as a wall map and by the time Peters started complaining about it, the Mercator map was well on its way out of fashion anyway.

    The Mercator Map

    The Mercator projection was developed in 1569 by Gerardus Mercator as a navigation tool. Like the Peters map, the grid is rectangular and lines of latitude and longitude are all parallel. The Mercator map was designed as an aid to navigators since straight lines on the Mercator projection are loxodromes or rhumb lines — representing lines of constant compass bearing — perfect for true direction.

    If a navigator wishes to sail from Spain to the West Indies, all he has to do is draw a line between the two points and the navigator knows which compass direction to continually sail to reach their destination.

    The Mercator map has always been a poor projection for a world map, yet due to its rectangular grid and shape, geographically illiterate publishers found it useful for wall maps, atlas maps, and maps in books and newspapers published by non-geographers. It became the standard map projection in the mental map of most westerners. The argument against the Mercator projection by the pro-Peters folks usually discusses its advantage for colonial powers by making Europe look a lot larger than it actually is on the globe.

    Mercator No Longer Widely Used

    Fortunately, over the past few decades, the Mercator projection has fallen into disuse from many reliable sources. In a 1980s study, two British geographers discovered that the Mercator map did not exist among dozens of atlases examined.

    But some major map companies still produce wall maps using the Mercator projection.

    In 1989, seven North American professional geographic organizations (including the American Cartographic Association, National Council for Geographic Education, Association of American Geographers, and the National Geographic Society) adopted a resolution that called for a ban on all rectangular coordinate maps.

    The resolution called for the complete elimination of use of the Mercator as well as the Peters projection. But what to replace them with?

    Alternatives to Mercator and Peters

    Non-rectangular maps have been around for a long time. The National Geographic Society adopted the Van der Grinten projection, which encloses the world in a circle, in 1922. Then in 1988, they switched to the Robinson projection, on which the high latitudes are less distorted in size (but more so in shape). Also in 1998, the Society began using the Winkel Tripel projection, which provides a slightly better balance between size and shape than the Robinson projection.

    Compromise projections like the Robinson or Winkle Tripel present the world in a more globe-like look and are strongly encouraged by geographers. These are the types of projections you ll see on maps of continents or of the world today.


    Arabian Courtyard Hotel – Spa Map #map #map, #arabian #courtyard #hotel #


    #

    Arabian Courtyard Hotel Spa | Map

    Legal note

    Scope
    These General Terms and Conditions apply to all the Guests staying at Arabian Courtyard Hotel & Spa.
    General Terms and Conditions are made available to the Guests before any booking is completed and which the Guest also accepts at the moment that a booking is actually placed. It is the Guest responsibility to familiarize him/her with the Arabian Courtyard Hotel & Spa terms and conditions.
    These general terms and conditions can be changed by Arabian Courtyard Hotel & Spa at any time with or without prior notice, although such changes will not apply to the bookings that have already been accepted.
    Legal
    The Guest is responsible for his / her activities on the Website (financially or otherwise), including the possible use of his / her user name and password. The Guest guarantees that the information entered by him / her on the Website in relation to him / her and, if applicable, his / her travelling companions is accurate.
    The Guest must be 18 years old at the time of check in
    At the time of check in Guest is supposed to provide original passport and Hotel will retain a photocopy of the same. For residents of UAE Emirates ID is required and Hotel will retain its photocopy
    Airport Transfer
    The services are subject to prior booking with the hotel, the guest has to clearly mention about Airport pick and drop services while requesting a booking for the same

    Free Booking Service
    There is no hidden or direct service fee for booking a room on our official website, we will not charge you for our service or add any additional (reservation) fees to the room rate.

    Credit Card
    Payment is safely processed from your credit/debit card for your room reservation through a third party payment process and softwares
    Once the card number is given to Hotel. The Hotel can take pre-authorization for min one room night to a complete stay.
    Credit card will be verified for the bookings maded under flexible cancellation booking policy.

    Governmental Taxes and Service Charge
    The current governmental Taxes are 10% municipality and Tourism Fee of AED 15 will be charged for each room. Any increase or decrease in Taxes will be implemented accordingly.
    The service charge at the moment is 10% to be deducted for each room

    Intellectual property rights
    The Guest acknowledges and agrees that ownership of all rights to the hotel intellectual property rights shall at all times remain vested in and belong to the hotel and/or the hotel’s relevant licensor(s) and that all usage accrues for the sole benefits of the hotel and/or the hotel relevant licensor(s).
    The Guest shall not use or permit the use of any of the hotel intellectual property right including names, brandings and/or logo or any identifiable mark of the hotel’s relevant licensor(s), for any purpose whatsoever, without the express prior written consent of the hotel and its relevant licensor(s).
    Pets.
    The Management do not allow the Guest to check in with Pets

    Currency
    The rate and currency for the payment is AED (UAE local currency) however the Guest can make the booking in other currency as the same option is provided at the time of booking. The rate will be converted on the current conversion at the time of booking.

    Force Majeure
    If either party is directly or indirectly affected by force majeure events, it shall promptly notify the other party, as soon as reasonably practicable but in any event with in 3 calendar days after becoming aware of the commencement of the relevant event, of the nature and the extent of the circumstances in question.
    Other than in respect of payment obligations under this contract neither party shall be deemed to be in breach of the contract or otherwise liable to the other, for any delay in performance or the non-performance of any of its obligations under this contact to the extent that the delay or non-performance is entirely due to force majeure event.
    Where a party claims a force majeure event, other party shall be entitled to terminate the contract where the force majeure event prevents performances for 30 calendar days or more.
    If at any time the tour operator claims a force majeure event in respect of its obligations under the contract, the hotel shall be entitled to offer the tour operator’s allocations to other tour operator/DMC companies.
    Before exercising its right of termination under this clause the party requesting termination shall negotiate in good faith with the other party to reach an agreement on the continued performance of the contract.
    Neither party shall be entitled to claim a force majeure event for any actions or circumstances by the party’s own fault or negligence.

    Non-Refundable Booking
    Bookings made under non-refundable booking policy cannot be cancelled and amended in any case.
    Payment for the non-refundable bookings will be deducted by the hotel on the same day of the booking.
    While proving the credit card details guest authorize the hotel to deduct the payment for Non-Refundable Bookings.
    Any Late cancellation or NO Show will be charges as per the booking policy

    Flexible Booking
    Any Late cancellation or NO Show will be charged as per the prevailing booking policy.

    Child Policy:
    0-3 years (up to 4th Birthday) sharing with parents in the same room. No charge for accommodation in existing bedding. All meals free of charge (subject to parent’s package).
    4-11 years (up to 12th Birthday) sharing with parents in the same room on existing bedding. Breakfast will be changed.
    1 adult and 1 or 2 children (up to 12th birthday) sharing a room, single/double rate will apply, inclusive of breakfast for up to 2 persons. Breakfast supplement will apply on the 2nd child as per children policy.

    Cookies policy

    Access to this website may involve the use of cookies, even though it would work without them. Cookies are small files that store information in each user’s browser so that the server can recognize certain information which only it can read. Cookies last for a limited amount of time. No cookies reveal telephone numbers, e-mail addresses or other means of identification. Cookies cannot obtain information from the user’s hard drive or personal information about them. The only way in which a user’s personal details can be included in a cookie file is if the user personally supplies this information to the server.

    Although cookies help us to optimize the booking process for you, users who do not wish to receive cookies or do not want information about their visit to be gathered may configure their browser to prevent them. All Internet browsers can be set to block or allow cookies from specific websites.


    Lizard Point Geography Quizzes clickable map quizzes for fun and learning #the


    #geography answers

    #

    Introduction to Customized Quizzes

    Create quizzes with just the questions for the places you are studying. Watch this video to see how it works.

    Quick introduction to the Personalized Quiz Tracker

    The Personalized Quiz Tracker saves your best scores and awards you with stamps as you progress. Watch this quick video to see how it works.

    Have you tried Study Mode yet?

    Study mode, launched at the end of March, provides all kinds of additional material on countries, and on the US states. Watch this quick video to see how it works.

    For Teachers

  • Get a free account and set up your classes
  • Get student accounts with no email signup
  • Monitor your students’ progress
  • Create customized quizzes

    Please visit the For Teachers page to find out more!

    Geography newsletter

    Keep informed about Lizard Point Quizzes. We publish a general information newsletter about every 4 – 6 weeks. It includes interesting articles and maps, new and upcoming features and quizzes, and occasional feedback surveys.

    Weekly trivia

    Test your knowledge of places, bodies of water, flags, world leaders and more with our weekly geography trivia quizzes.

    What’s new

    For Supporters first: Two new map-flag quizzes. Asia flags and Americas flags.

    Supporters see new quizzes and features listed here before everyone else has access. Become a supporter to get priority access to quizzes and features not released publicly yet.

    Please visit the what’s new section of our blog. where we announce new quizzes and features.

    Top 10 Quizzes