How Does Ask Peter Work? The Code Behind The Prank #peter #answers


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For a number of years, one of my passionate hobbies has been researching paranormal scams. These are situations where an individual claims they can predict the future, that they’ve discovered the secret to antigravity, or that they work for the government and know the truth about whether aliens exist. A common thread in all of that surreal research is that generally, an unnerving number of people are very, very gullible.

That gullibility multiplies significantly when the event being portrayed includes something that appears supernatural or “magical” in nature. Deep down, many people still want to believe in the magic – and when they are presented with the opportunity to believe again, they jump all over it.

A case in point is a website that’s been growing in popularity among the prankster community called Ask Peter, or Peter Answers. It comes complete with creepy Old English font and a copyright line at the bottom that adds to the intrigue, “Peter Answers 3.5 – Virtual Tarot – Original idea: Wizard 666.” That’s right, Wizard 666….oooh, are you dealing with a supernatural entity hidden behind the bits and bytes of this mysterious web page? In this article, I would like to share the answer to the question – how does Ask Peter work?

How Does Ask Peter Work? The Believer Perspective

First, I’m going to show you how the website works for the person off of the street who knows nothing about the inner workings of the Ask Peter. When you first arrive at the website, you’ll see a very simple web form.

The point of the website is that it’s a sort of electronic “tarot” which will peek into your future and answer your questions accordingly. However, Peter is a fickle psychic, and he must be treated with respect or he won’t answer your question. Therefore, before you ask a question, you must petition Peter with the sentence, “Peter, please answer the following question:” If you’re using Ask Peter alone and you don’t know the secret behind the site, you’ll typically get an answer like this.

Tired? But he’s nothing more than electronic wizardry! Ah, but it’s all part of the show, folks. The magic really happens when you bring in a second person who knows Peter’s terrible secret (after reading this article, that will be you!) The second person needs to type in the petition and question for you, and then you’ll get the answer – which is usually remarkably accurate.

If the person typing the question knows the secret – you’ll get such an answer. In the second half of this article, I’m going to share the Peter’s terrible secret, and welcome you into the secret society of “Ask Peter” insiders. If you enjoy the childlike, magical perspective offered by your blissful ignorance – then stop reading this article now. Otherwise, if you would like a small antivirus shot so that you’ll be immune to this particular scam, then read on.

Welcome To The Secret Society Of Ask Peter

If you’ve read this far, then you feel prepared for the secret knowledge of how Ask Peter works. Let’s take a closer look.

The ultimate secret to Ask Peter is actually a bit of creative Javascripting. Getting Peter to answer a question doesn’t take reverence and politeness, it takes a very plain period. That’s right – in the “Petition” field, just type a “.” and start typing the answer to the question that you’re going to ask in the next field. At the end of the answer, type another “.” and then continue typing the rest of “Peter, please answer the following question:” To the person sitting next to you, it only appears as though you’ve typed that one question – especially if you’re a fast typist.

So, now you know the secret. Submitting the question that you’ve already entered the answer for and clicking OK will result in Peter providing your answer. The person next to you who’s watching will be astounded and flabbergasted by the amazing accuracy of this virtual tarot. Just don’t be too accurate, as you’ll raise suspicion. Once you’re through, you can proudly claim another Ask Peter believer under your belt. In doing so, you’ve perfectly portrayed the terrible gullibility that runs rampant throughout the world.

Let’s take a closer look at how the background scripting for Ask Peter actually works.

Here, I’ve viewed the source code for the web page. Now, the creators of this website were clever enough to suspect that discerning tech geeks would try peeking under the hood, so they’ve incorporated a few safeguards. The first, of course, is processing all entries through an ASP script called “PeterAnswers.aspx” and that’s a script that you simply can’t see without access to the web server files. However, if you look closely at the form code, you’ll discover an interesting anomaly.

It appears that when each keyboard key is pressed (the onKeyPress event handler), a function is called that returns a character. What character is really returned? If you look at the function for each field, they appear identical, but they’re not. One is named with a leading letter O, two zeroes and three trailing letter O’s again. The second function is named with a leading letter O, a zero, another letter O and four trailing zeroes.

The same holds true for the OnKeyDown event handler – you’ll find two completely new functions disguised to look identical. What does this mean to those of you who aren’t Javascript programmers? It means that instead of one, single function handling the text that gets entered into each field and returning a text value to the field, there are actually four distinct functions handling every individual keypress. This means that there’s a whole lot of TomFoolery going on with the text that you enter into each text field.

The answer, of course, is that if you’re in the “Petition” field, the ASP script returns what you type into the field, but watches for the moment you type the “.” character. At that point, it starts typing the rest of the statement “Peter, please answer…” as it saves each character you’re actually typing into a variable until you type “.” again. Finally, once you click “OK” – your saved text that was stored in a string variable is displayed below in the form of Peter’s Answer.

Now that you know the inner workings of this online Prank, are you more likely to try it out on a friend? Share your opinion about this online “virtual tutor” in the comment section below, and if you do try it out on a friend, let us know how it went!

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How does Peter Answers 3 #trivia #questions #and #answers


#peter answers 3.0

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How does Peter Answers 3.0 work?

There is a website called Peter Answers 3.0. My friend called me totally freaked out about this web site. Apparently, you can ask ABSOLUTELY ANY. show more There is a website called Peter Answers 3.0. My friend called me totally freaked out about this web site. Apparently, you can ask ABSOLUTELY ANY QUESTION on this web site. as personal as you want it to be, and it will answer the question CORRECTLY. There are no 20 Questions, no process of elemination, it just answers the questions TO A T . Now, here is the catch. from what I understand it doesn t always work for everyone. They tried to trick it, pretend they were someone else. everything and it was as if it KNEW. It didnt work for me, my husband or my son. so I am curious who else out there has been on this web site, and who has this worked for. Mainly, I want to know how it works.

I would agree with you on the magic 8 ball, etc. except it doesn t give vague answers. they are EXACT. If it worked for you. after. show more I would agree with you on the magic 8 ball, etc. except it doesn t give vague answers. they are EXACT. If it worked for you. after asking EXACT questions that require DETAILED answers. let me know!

Chris T: Thankyou for your views on this, however there is one problem. I tried to do exactly what you said, and it simply typed what I typed. I m. show more Chris T: Thankyou for your views on this, however there is one problem. I tried to do exactly what you said, and it simply typed what I typed. I m not sure how your friend did this, but I had no luck at this so I am still perplexed. Any suggestions, now?

I went to Peter Answers today at the end of Computer class and freaked out all my classmates. I was the only one that new the trick to make it work, so I was having the time of my life laughing at them all and telling them the computer was haunted.

Here s what you do:

1. Start like normal. (where it says Insert Petition. )

2. Type a period. (yes, the punctuation mark, silly.) Notice it still comes up as the letter P.

3. Type the answer to the question you re about to ask. For example, if you re about to ask What is my name? them type Bob. Notice that whatever you are typing is hidden and the petition continues to show up like normal.

4. When you re done typing the answer to your question, type a period.

5. Continue typing the rest of the petition like normal, so those around you think you ve been typing it the whole time.

6. In the question box, type the question. For example What is my name?

The answer will be Bob if you did it correctly. If it works, mess with your friends with it. They ll be SOOO freaked out!


50 Questions Lost Really Does Need To Answer #free #answers


#i have a question and need an answer

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Why did Ben and Widmore hate each other quite so much? Why couldn t Ben just shoot Widmore in the face that one time when Ben came into Widmore s bedroom?

Why did Widmore order Keamy s gang to kill everyone on the island except for Ben? Especially since Widmore is so keen for Locke to lead the Oceanic Six back to the island a few years later. And why exactly is Widmore so keen for the Oceanic Six to come back to the island? Because they re Candidates? Or some other reason? If he is keen for there to be Candidates on the island, why did he order Keamy to kill them all?

After Richard Alpert met Jacob and Jacob explained the island to him, why didn t Richard repeat that explanation to everyone he met?

How did Richard and the Others decide whom to recruit from among the various people who came to the island after that? What was the deal with all those lists? The lists weren t lists of Candidates, since the Others didn t try to recruit Sawyer or Jack. So what were they?

Why did the Incident in 1977 leave the island s women unable to give birth? What s with the huge importance placed on fertility on the island, what with the Tawaret statue? Why are so many women separated from their babies?

If Jacob is dead, and his ghost is wandering around talking to Hurley, what s with the little kid version of Jacob? Why can only certain people, like Sawyer, see the little-kid Jacob?

Who was Juliet inviting to coffee? What sort of coffee? Can I come? Will there be biscotti, or madeleines?

Why can t the Smoke Monster cross a line of ash? What about the sonic fence?

So the Man In Black can t leave the island. But Jacob was wandering off the island all the time, buying Louis Vuitton luggage, touching the Oceanic Six and various other people, and stocking up on Flannery O Connor books. At one point, Jacob opened a dance studio in Newark. What gives?

When Ben took Locke to Jacob s Cabin, there was a weird telekinetic storm and Locke heard a voice saying Help me. Was that Jacob? Or the M.I.B. What sort of help did the voice have in mind? More importantly, what s with the dog painting in Jacob s Cabin.


Science has limits: A few things that science does not do #economic


#science answer

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Science is powerful. It has generated the knowledge that allows us to call a friend halfway around the world with a cell phone, vaccinate a baby against polio, build a skyscraper, and drive a car. And science helps us answer important questions like which areas might be hit by a tsunami after an earthquake, how did the hole in the ozone layer form, how can we protect our crops from pests, and who were our evolutionary ancestors? With such breadth, the reach of science might seem to be endless, but it is not. Science has definite limits.

Science doesn’t make moral judgments
When is euthanasia the right thing to do? What universal rights should humans have? Should other animals have rights? Questions like these are important, but scientific research will not answer them. Science can help us learn about terminal illnesses and the history of human and animal rights and that knowledge can inform our opinions and decisions. But ultimately, individual people must make moral judgments. Science helps us describe how the world is. but it cannot make any judgments about whether that state of affairs is right, wrong, good, or bad.

Science doesn’t make aesthetic judgments
Science can reveal the frequency of a G-flat and how our eyes relay information about color to our brains, but science cannot tell us whether a Beethoven symphony, a Kabuki performance, or a Jackson Pollock painting is beautiful or dreadful. Individuals make those decisions for themselves based on their own aesthetic criteria.

Science doesn’t tell you how to use scientific knowledge
Although scientists often care deeply about how their discoveries are used, science itself doesn’t indicate what should be done with scientific knowledge. Science, for example, can tell you how to recombine DNA in new ways, but it doesn’t specify whether you should use that knowledge to correct a genetic disease, develop a bruise-resistant apple, or construct a new bacterium. For almost any important scientific advance, one can imagine both positive and negative ways that knowledge could be used. Again, science helps us describe how the world is. and then we have to decide how to use that knowledge.


What Is Full Coverage Insurance #what #is #full #coverage #auto #insurance, #what


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What Is Full Coverage Auto Insurance?

Despite the popularity of the term, there is actually no policy called “full coverage auto insurance.” In other words, insurance providers do not offer an auto insurance policy that covers everything.

However, what is considered full coverage auto insurance by some is the combination of comprehensive insurance. collision insurance and liability insurance. You might also hear people use the terms comprehensive insurance and full coverage insurance interchangeably, even though this is not technically correct. That being said, it’s important to be informed about what various insurance policies cover so you can choose the combination of coverages that’s right for you.

What does full coverage auto insurance cover?

Since “full coverage” isn’t a policy type currently offered, it doesn’t technically cover anything. However, a reliable insurance package that protects you and your passengers can be built from the following three coverages:

  • Liability Insurance. which covers costs for the other party’s injuries and repairs in the event of a covered accident in which you’re found at fault.
  • Collision insurance. which can cover damage to your vehicle if you are found at fault in a collision, but it does not cover the other party’s vehicle or anyone’s bodily injuries.
  • Comprehensive insurance. which covers certain damages to your vehicle that are not caused by a collision with another car (for instance, accidents related to weather, theft, fire and more).

The range of incidents covered by these three insurance types make them a very good starting point for a “full” coverage package; however, the security of your auto insurance depends on many factors, including your policy limits and the deductible amounts you decide on. Furthermore, drivers may also choose additional coverages such as personal injury protection, medical payments coverage. uninsured motorist coverage. underinsured motorist coverage or gap insurance. Our classic car insurance can also provide specialized coverage designed for the unique needs of vintage and classic car collectors.

How much is full coverage insurance?

Insurance providers don’t offer “full coverage,” but you can still build a dependable auto insurance package that protects you in the event of many incidents on and off the road. Naturally, the more coverages you select, the higher your monthly bill. However, there are still plenty of variables that affect your insurance costs, including:

  • Your age
  • Your location
  • Your driving record
  • The kind of car you drive
  • The policy type(s) you choose
  • Your deductible
  • Your policy limit(s)

So, how much does full coverage car insurance cost? The answer depends partially on you and your history, as well as the type and amount of insurance you choose. For more information, check out our breakdown of how much car insurance costs. Keep in mind that Nationwide offers a range of discounts for our members – you could save hundreds on your annual bill.

Despite the fact that full coverage insurance is a myth, you can still build an insurance package that protects you in the event of an unexpected incident. Start a free online quote from Nationwide and choose the coverages that are right for you today.

Insurance terms, definitions and explanations are intended for informational purposes only and do not in any way replace or modify the definitions and information contained in individual insurance contracts, policies or declaration pages, which are controlling. Such terms and availability may vary by state and exclusions may apply. Discounts may not be applied to all policy coverages.

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What does the term – Tuple – Mean in Relational Databases? Stack


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Most of the answers here are on the right track. However, a row is not a tuple. Tuples * are unordered sets of known values with names. Thus, the following tuples are the same thing (I’m using an imaginary tuple syntax since a relational tuple is largely a theoretical construct):

assuming of course that x, y, and z are all integers. Also note that there is no such thing as a “duplicate” tuple. Thus, not only are the above equal, they’re the same thing. Lastly, tuples can only contain known values (thus, no nulls).

A row ** is an ordered set of known or unknown values with names (although they may be omitted). Therefore, the following comparisons return false in SQL:

Note that there are ways to “fake it” though. For example, consider this INSERT statement:

Assuming that x is first, y is second, and z is third, this query may be rewritten like this:

but all we’re really doing is changing the ordering rather than removing it.

And also note that there may be unknown values as well. Thus, you may have rows with unknown values:

but note that this comparison will always yield UNKNOWN. After all, how can you know whether two unknown values are equal?

And lastly, rows may be duplicated. In other words, (1, 2) and (1, 2) may compare to be equal, but that doesn’t necessarily mean that they’re the same thing.

If this is a subject that interests you, I’d highly recommend reading SQL and Relational Theory: How to Write Accurate SQL Code by CJ Date.

* Note that I’m talking about tuples as they exist in the relational model, which is a bit different from mathematics in general.

** And just in case you’re wondering, just about everything in SQL is a row or table. Therefore, (1, 2) is a row, while VALUES (1, 2) is a table (with one row).

UPDATE. I’ve expanded a little bit on this answer in a blog post here .

In relational databases. tables are relations (in mathematical meaning). Relations are sets of tuples. Thus table row in relational database is tuple in relation.

Wiki on relations:

In mathematics (more specifically, in set theory and logic), a relation is a property that assigns truth values to combinations (k-tuples) of k individuals. Typically, the property describes a possible connection between the components of a k-tuple. For a given set of k-tuples, a truth value is assigned to each k-tuple according to whether the property does or does not hold.

answered Apr 15 ’09 at 11:40

Jason, vartec said the opposite: table row in relational database is tuple in relation John Saunders Jul 5 ’09 at 1:36

He did also say tables are relations (in mathematical meaning). Perhaps I should have said Tables aren t relations . -) Jason Baker Jul 5 ’09 at 1:55

Whatever its use in mathematics, a tuple in RDBMS is commonly considered to be a row in a table or result set. In an RDBMS a tuple is unordered. A tuple in an MDDBMS is the instance of data in a cell with its associated dimension instances (members).

What is the tuple in a column family data store?


Accelerated bsn program with few pre-reqs required, and no previous bsn #chamberlain-college,


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accelerated bsn program with few pre-reqs required, and no previous bsn

I wanted to know if anyone happens to know of an accelerated bsn program that does not require a previous bsn degree, and does not have a wait list. I know I am asking for alot, however I know there has to be one out there . I am willing to move anywhere. I have been calling state to state and am still not having much luck . I have completed Anatomy, Physiology, Microbiology, Chemistry, Nutrition, and Lifespan Development. I also scored an 80% on my TEAS exam. The schools I have come across either require a previous bsn or more pre-reqs like public speaking or Statistics. I know I might just need to bite the bullet and take those classes, however I feel there has got to be a private or public school out there that will accept me for what I have. Any help would be much appreciated. Thank you all.

I’m not really sure what you’re looking for. None of the accelerated BSN programs I’ve seen require a previous BSN. who would get two BSN’s?

Any of the Accelerated BSN programs I’ve seen, do require a bachelors degree in something. That’s how they make it accelerated, you only do your nursing courses since you have the rest of the requirements for a bachelors degree finished.

If you don’t already have a bachelors degree, you’re going to need to do non-nursing coursework (as was mentioned by the previous poster) in order to meet your state’s definition of a bachelors degree.

Maybe if you could clarify what exactly you’re looking for (ie do you have your RN, and are looking for a RN-BSN? or do you have a bachelors degree in something else and you’re looking to get your RN?).

There are no 2nd Degree Accelerated BSN programs that do not require a previous BS/BA. There are some without a waiting list, b/c I am in one that did not have a waiting list, but none that don’t require a previous Bachelor’s degree (which is what I assume you mean when you say BSN , which is actually the degree you’d be working towards if you were accepted into one of these programs).

I’m not really sure what you’re looking for. None of the accelerated BSN programs I’ve seen require a previous BSN. who would get two BSN’s?

Any of the Accelerated BSN programs I’ve seen, do require a bachelors degree in something. That’s how they make it accelerated, you only do your nursing courses since you have the rest of the requirements for a bachelors degree finished.

If you don’t already have a bachelors degree, you’re going to need to do non-nursing coursework (as was mentioned by the previous poster) in order to meet your state’s definition of a bachelors degree.

Maybe if you could clarify what exactly you’re looking for (ie do you have your RN, and are looking for a RN-BSN? or do you have a bachelors degree in something else and you’re looking to get your RN?).

Thanks for all your insight. I do not have my RN or a Batchelors Degree. I have completed 65 credits of general ed as well as most pre-reqs required for Nursing beside Statistics and Public Speaking. So I am basically trying to find a program that has an: accelerated bsn program, that only requires about 60 credits of all general ed, and science pre-reqs like Anatomy, Chemistry, Physiology, Microbiology, Nutrition, and Lifespan Development. I know they exsist, because I came across one once. but I forgot the name . I think I am just going to keep researching state to state. hopefully I will find something .

I wanted to know if anyone happens to know of an accelerated bsn program that does not require a previous bsn degree, and does not have a wait list. I know I am asking for alot, however I know there has to be one out there . I am willing to move anywhere. I have been calling state to state and am still not having much luck . I have completed Anatomy, Physiology, Microbiology, Chemistry, Nutrition, and Lifespan Development. I also scored an 80% on my TEAS exam. The schools I have come across either require a previous bsn or more pre-reqs like public speaking or Statistics. I know I might just need to bite the bullet and take those classes, however I feel there has got to be a private or public school out there that will accept me for what I have. Any help would be much appreciated. Thank you all.

I think most of them require stats and public speaking. We’re using stats now in my research class. I’m in an LPN/BSN bridge.

If you are strongly thinking about that school, you need to make a decision soon. I think I saw that their Fall semester deadline is in January.

Quote from Hospice Nurse LPN

I think most of them require stats and public speaking. We’re using stats now in my research class. I’m in an LPN/BSN bridge.

I know im starting to see this. I am going to register to take them in the spring just in case. Thank you!


Does Alcohol Rehab Work? What are my chances for recovery? #how #does


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Our Philosophy will help you discover the freedom within you as well as lasting personal change.

(CBL) is our methodology, which is based on true personal responsibility and freedom.

Helping Families improve their own lives and building a positive relationship with the substance user.

St Jude’s Can help you find the perfect alcohol detox or drug detox for you.

Saint Jude’s is the leading non 12 step alternative to rehab and treatment for over 23 years.

Alcohol Rehabs do not work successfully for overcoming alcohol. You’re not powerless over alcohol, and can be in control of your choices and actions, we can help!

95% of Drug Rehabs today use the 12 step method in their programs. This method does not provide results, but rather damaging mentalities of failure and disease. We can give you hope.

Prescription Medication is on the rise. Do you need help getting off RX Medication, and stay sober? Let Us Help You.

Have you been diagnosed with Dual Diagnosis. Do you need help with substance use and depression, anxiety, etc. We Can Help You.

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  • Does Alcohol Rehab Work?

    Will I always be an ‘alcoholic’ or will I be able to move on?

    When people search for help to deal with an alcohol problem, 12-step alcohol rehabs typically come to mind first, but many people are unaware of the true ineffectiveness of alcohol rehab, that it doesn’t work. One of the most unsuccessful aspects of alcohol rehab and the 12 steps is the control factor that is usually forced on the client or patient during treatment, meetings, group therapy, etc. More than 90% of programs in the US include some or all of the 12 step program beliefs.

    The control model of rehab is when treatment centers use controlling manipulation as a means to influence your thoughts, actions and behaviors. If you are taught the “12-steps” you will be coerced to admit that you are an alcoholic, and surrender to a higher power and admit the alcohol has control of your body, emotions and even your soul. If you do not do so, you will be subjected to intense peer pressure to conform through demeaning looks in meetings or even by being told that you are not in control of yourself when you drink and additionally a therapist may even tell you that you’re in denial about your drinking or drugging. Because of this control model method you may feel roped into staying in rehab longer and longer and you may also start to believe that you really do have no control over your own actions or behaviors anymore.

    Traditional alcohol rehabs also want to keep you coming back to treatment, hence the reason they enforce the disease theory. As long as you think you are sick, you will need to continue going to treatment, because these rehabs claim that addiction is a life-long disease. But in reality the rehabs are setting you up for failure, because a true disease is something you can’t control so, in effect you become a victim of alcohol. This is how the treatment industry has remained profitable and makes their vast sums of money.

    For these reasons and countless more, alcohol rehabs have been proven to be harmful rather than helpful. In fact AA, one of the most famous of the 12 step programs, has between a 3% and 5% success rate; that’s 25% less than if the person never went to treatment! Luckily there is one non-disease, non treatment approach, the Saint Jude Retreats!

    The Saint Jude Retreats is not an alcohol rehab. but rather an alternative program that does not teach that an addiction is a disease. Our researchers have worked with numerous doctors, scientists, addiction specialists and professors whom have all concluded that treatment is completely ineffective and that treating a non-existent disease makes no sense whatsoever! Why treat something you can control yourself!

    Our program educates individuals on the true harm that entering a 12 step alcohol rehab can do. We don’t want people to be suffering in on-going alcohol rehab. but rather we work hard to educate them on how to live a life they can enjoy and prosper. We accomplish this by providing productive results that will be effective the first time, and by demonstrating to our guests those methods that work and what does not. We make it simple. so you can get results.

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    Why Get a DNP, Doctorate in Nursing Practice and BSN to DNP


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    Reach the Top with a DNP

    How long does it take to get a doctorate degree

    About a doctoral degree in nursing

    Completing a doctoral degree in nursing (DNP) program will take anywhere from three to five years and has the ability to propel you further in your career.

    While it s not required for all advanced nursing jobs, a DNP can help you move into nurse leadership roles. Different from a nursing PhD, which is necessary for teaching and research, a DNP can advance your career on the clinical side.

    If your career plans include working at a manager or executive level, a DNP will help get you there.

    There are four different types of nursing doctorate degrees to choose from and each one is specific to a certain path in the nursing field.

    • Doctor of Nursing Practice(DNP): Emphasis on clinical practice-oriented leadership training.
    • Doctor of Nursing (ND): Focus is on developing advanced specialist skills.
    • Doctor of Nursing Science (DNSc): Focus is on investigative and research skills.
    • Doctor of Nursing Philosophy (PhD): Emphasizes scholarly research and inquiry.

    Less common, but also available, are joint programs for students who have a bachelor s in nursing (BSN) but have not achieved their master s (MSN) yet. Prospective students for these programs must be highly qualified and meet a program s strict prerequisites. Potential joint programs include:

    • MSN/PhD: This degree combines a master s and doctorate in an accelerated program.
    • BSN-PhD: Focus is on BSN-holders with plans to become researchers or teachers of nursing.

    It s important to point out that the DNP is a practice doctorate. You ll use research to influence your practice in a clinical setting, while a PhD is a research doctorate, where you ll conduct independent research and report on your findings.

    Why should I earn a doctorate?

    Nurses who have earned doctorate degrees are expected to be in high demand through the rest of the decade. With an aging population and health care issues in the headlines, there s a growing need for highly-trained nurses. Enrolling in a DNP program now will make you more marketable in the coming years.

    With an advanced degree generally comes better pay, which is another reason you might consider earning a doctorate. It s important to remember that a DNP program will be incredibly challenging and take several years to complete, so you ll certainly earn that higher salary down the road.

    Finally, one of the biggest reasons nurses earn a doctorate is so they can positively impact their local community and the medical field.

    How long does my program take to complete?

    A doctorate in nursing degree takes, on average, four to six years to complete. You will spend a great deal of time focusing on an area of research that you choose.

    For students who have the time and resources, there is the chance to finish your program sooner. This requires a lot of self-discipline and motivation.

    Am I a good fit for this program?

    Doctorate programs in nursing are generally not large in size. Because of the advanced level of education and the level of commitment required, only a select few earn their DNP each year.

    Deciding if you re a good fit for this program means looking at a variety of angles, including:

    • Career goals
    • Personality traits, like ability to manage stress and self-motivation
    • Finances
    • Time

    For some students, taking classes on campus is the best way to learn because it gives them peer interaction. On the other hand, students with restrictions on their time or finances may be better suited for an online DNP program.

    What will I learn in my degree program?

    As you work toward earning your doctorate, you ll extend your skills beyond practical, hands-on nursing and into the scholarly and research arena. The specifics of your program will depend on which doctorate degree you pursue.

    Each of the four degrees mentioned above offer a different focus, but courses that are common across all programs include:

    • Research methods
    • Statistics and data analysis
    • Evidence-based practice
    • The history and philosophy of nursing science
    • Leadership skills

    The DNP is the preferred degree for nursing executives and courses in a DNP program will emphasize clinical practice-oriented leadership. The focus is largely on extending your clinical knowledge to further your research skills and analytical thought process. A nurse with a DNP strives to improve health care systems and work with patients, different populations and within the community.

    See if online programs are available for doctorate degree-level programs.


    RO Reject Water Disposal – Reverse Osmosis (RO) Water Treatment – What


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    Using Evaporators for Reverse Osmosis Reject Water

    What is Reverse Osmosis (RO)?

    Reverse Osmosis (RO) technology has been used for years in various industries to separate dissolved solids from water by forcing the water through a semi-permeable membrane. RO is also commonly used to purify drinking water and desalinate seawater to yield potable water. The water and other molecules with lower molecular weight (specific weight of molecules allowed to pass through is dependent on the selected membrane) pass through the micropores in the membrane, yielding a purified water stream called the permeate. Larger molecules are retained by the membrane as well as a portion of the water that does not pass through the membrane. This concentrated stream is called the concentrate or RO reject.

    Using Evaporators to Dewater Reverse Osmosis Reject Streams

    In industrial settings, RO is often used to remove total dissolved salts (TDS) from industrial wastewater or treated industrial wastewater and yield permeate with relatively low TDS concentrations.

    While RO is an effective method for handling wastewater, what to do with the concentrate or reject water (typically as much as 20-50% of the RO feed water volume) can be an issue. Specifically, the high salinity in RO reject / RO concentrate can make it prohibitive for discharge to a local sewer facility. Hauling the wastewater to a treatment facility can also be prohibitively expensive.

    ENCON Mechanical Vapor Compression (MVC) Evaporators and ENCON Thermal Evaporators have proven to be effective technologies for dewatering RO reject / RO concentrate waste streams. In brief, evaporation is a time-tested methodology for reducing the water portion of water-based waste. The evaporator converts the water portion of water-based waste to water vapor, while leaving the higher boiling contaminants behind. This greatly minimizes the amount of waste that needs to be hauled off-site.

    Evaporation technology has always been more “hands off” than other wastewater treatment methodologies resulting in a dramatically lower labor cost. Evaporation technology can handle a much wider range of waste streams compared to membranes and traditional physical / chemical treatment methodologies. Finally, evaporation does a much better job of concentrating waste streams compared to other methods, thereby yielding a lower disposal volume and cost.

    At a typical operating cost $0.01 – $0.02 per gallon of distillate, the ENCON MVC Evaporator is also very energy efficient and yields a high quality distillate. More information on MVC Evaporators can be found here in our Mechanical Vapor Compression section. If lower volumes of RO reject / RO concentrate need to be handled, the ENCON Thermal Evaporator heated by natural gas or other available heat sources can evaporate water to atmosphere at a typical cost of $0.10 per gallon of evaporated water, or almost zero is waste oil is available. More information on Thermal Evaporators can be found here in our thermal evaporator system section.

    TDS Concentrations of RO reject / RO Concentrate

    Typical RO reject / RO concentrate TDS concentrations are often in the range of 30,000 – 50,000 mg/liter. The salts in solution can range from highly soluble sodium and potassium salts to less soluble or reverse soluble calcium and barium salts. Note: The term reverse soluble implies lower solubility as solution temperature increases. ENCON MVC Evaporators operate at typical temperatures of 225-230°F for high TDS applications like RO reject / RO concentrate. Similar or slightly higher (250°F maximum) operating temperatures can be expected with high TDS applications for ENCON thermal evaporators .

    Evaporator concentration endpoints tend to correspond closely with saturation concentrations of the various salts at the referenced temperatures. Many sodium and potassium salts such as sodium sulfate, sodium chloride, potassium chloride, and potassium nitrate, have saturation points in the range of 400,000 – 600,000 mg/liter at the referenced elevated temperatures. Based on simple arithmetic, concentrating the RO reject / RO concentrate wastewater from 30,000 mg/liter to 400,000 mg/liter corresponds to a volume reduction percentage of approximately 92.5%. Concentrating from 50,000 mg/liter to 600,000 mg/liter would yield a volume reduction percentage of approximately 91.6%.

    Less soluble salts such as barium sulfate and magnesium carbonate present more of an issue due to the tendency to precipitate out and scale heat transfer surfaces. To minimize this issue, a type of anti-scale chemistry referred to as Threshold Scaling Inhibitors (TSI) are being used. TSI chemistry is added upstream of the evaporator and modifies the insoluble salt crystals creating a soft slurry that has less of a tendency to adhere to surfaces and cause scale. The resulting soft slurry also has a consistency that minimized the likelihood of erosion on heat exchanger or plumbing surfaces.

    Acheiving Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD)

    When there is an interest or requirement to achieve zero liquid discharge (ZLD). evaporation can be used to concentrate the RO reject / RO concentrate, which can then by further dewatered with supplemental equipment. Please refer to the diagram below for a typical layout diagram for a ZLD solution that shows RO reject / RO concentrate (or other high TDS wastewater) being fed to the ENCON MVC Evaporator followed by dewatering of the MVC concentrate by a ENCON Thermal Evaporator and a centrifuge.

    In the first stage of handling RO reject / RO concentrate, an MVC Evaporator is fed the RO reject / RO concentrate and it yields distilled water and concentrate. The concentrate goes to a concentrate storage tank, which separates into slurry and supernatant layers. The supernatant layer gets pumped to an ENCON Thermal Evaporator, which further concentrates the liquid while exhausting water vapor to atmosphere. The concentrated slurry from the thermal evaporator is pumped back into the concentrate storage tank. The slurry layer from the tank is pumped into a centrifuge.