Binge Eating Disorder #binge #eating #disorder, #bed, #compulsive #overeating


Binge Eating Disorder

Binge Eating Disorder (BED) affects an estimated three and a half percent of women and two percent of men, which makes it the most common eating disorder in America. It is estimated that up to 40 percent of men and women who are currently seeking methods to lose weight are actually suffering from some form of BED. BED has also been referred to as compulsive overeating.

People of all ages, socio-economic statuses and races can suffer from BED which is characterized by frequent sessions of binge eating where the sufferer feels very out of control and ashamed. These uncontrolled eating episodes often lead to intense and disturbing feelings of guilt and depression. Currently the exact causes of BED are not known, however potential factors include; a history of dieting, genetics, trauma, depression and anxiety. Additionally, there is evidence that being the subject of weight stigma (discrimination based on one’s weight) causes people to binge eat.

Bingeing, or the episodes in which the sufferer is eating a vast quantity of food, usually revolves around types of foods which are very high in things like sugar and fat, but that are relatively low in real nutrient value. The low nutrient value of sugar rich foods means that the consumer s body continues to require additional consumption of foods in order to feel fulfilled. Because of this, people with BED can gain weight and look overweight or even obese but remain undernourished as the foods that they are consuming are low in amounts of essential minerals and vitamins.

According to the DSM-5, the official manual used by mental health professionals, the behavioral and emotional criteria that characterize BED include:

  • Frequent binge episodes that happen at least once every week for three months or more
  • During a binge, eating a much larger amount of food than what is considered to be normal within a two hour period
  • Inability to control what is being eaten or to stop eating

The binges are also characterized by some of the following:

  • Eating to the point of discomfort
  • Eating when not hungry
  • Eating very fast
  • Eating in private out of embarrassment
  • Feeling guilty or shameful

Sufferers also often feel very distressed about their inability to control their food intake, however a person with BED does not usually over-exercise or purge after binging as a person with bulimia nervosa might do.

Rigid dietary practices have been linked to a higher incidence of BED. Sufferers with a negative body image might initially restrict food and the restriction in calories may then spark a cycle of binge eating behavior.

Weight gain can be followed by increased feelings of guilt, shame, powerlessness and failure.

Binge Eating Disorder is now seen as a serious medical condition which can be treated. Like anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, BED can result in chronic disease and death. Treatment for BED is essential in order to help the sufferer fully recover. Treatment is often in the form of outpatient therapy, but in some cases inpatient facilities may be relevant. Treatment may take the form of individual and group counseling, nutritional counseling and psychotherapy. Alternative therapies may also be effective such as yoga, movement classes, dance, meditation and mindfulness, art and equine therapies.

Individuals who are overweight and have BED are at risk for a number of life-threatening complications such as high blood pressure, type II diabetes, heart disease, osteoarthritis, gallbladder disease, high levels of serum cholesterol and particular types of cancer. Other possible medical complications include mobility issues, sciatica, varicose veins, hiatal hernia, trouble sleeping and shortness of breath. Due to the severity of such complications, BED should not go untreated.

Recovery is typically an ongoing lifelong process for most sufferers. As with any eating disorder there are many complicated and influencing factors involved. However, despite the complexity, BED is treatable and can be overcome with the right interventions. Evidence based forms of treatment for BED include mindfulness based interventions, cognitive behavioral therapy, family therapy and psychotherapy.

If you think that you may be suffering from BED, remember that you are not alone, in fact BED is the most common of all eating disorders. It is important they you tell someone and seek professional treatment.

Health at Every Size (HAES) Information on the HAES approach to body acceptance.

Causes of Eating Disorders What causes a person to develop an eating disorder.

Eating Disorder Treatment How treatment will work. The importance of treating eating disorders ASAP.

Alternatives to Bingeing How to prevent the urge to binge.

Weight Loss Surgery and Eating Disorders An eating disorder can complicate the potential effectiveness of bariatric surgery.

Food Addiction Could someone be addicted to food, or are they addicted to the process of eating?

Binge Eating Facts Additional facts about binge eating, causes, and treatment information.

What is Weight Stigma How weight stigma can contribute to eating disorders.

Recovery From An Eating Disorder Recovery takes time and is not easy, but its worth it.

Updated by Tabitha Farrar 2014
Written by Colleen Thompson 2001

Egyptian study confirms autism is caused by mercury in vaccines #big #pharma,flu #shots,harmful #medicine,heavy #metals # # #toxic #elements,medicine,oral #health,science,science # # #tech,vaccines,asd,autism,autism #mercury #link,autism #spectrum #disorder,autism #study,mercury,metabolic #brain #disease,science #of #autism,vaccine #autism #link


Egyptian study confirms autism is caused by mercury in vaccines

Ever heard of metabolic brain disease? A team of nine scientists from top Egyptian medical schools and universities may have just confirmed that one in every 50 American children has it, and its primary cause could be mercury in vaccines .

How was this determined? Exposure to mercury can be measured by analyzing children s urinary porphyrins – excreted organic compounds that act as biomarkers for mercury toxicity. Not only does the presence of mercury in urine and blood expose the long-known link between metabolic brain disease (autism) and vaccines, but the severity of autism (and its broad array of symptoms) is directly correlated with the levels of exposure to this known neurotoxin. Yes, you read that correctly.

To put the nails in the coffin for any doubters or skeptics, of the 100 children studied. the 40 with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) had significantly higher mercury levels than their non-autistic siblings and the other healthy children in the study. In addition, the children with the most severe versions of metabolic brain disease revealed the highest levels of mercury exposure. For years and years, natural health enthusiasts have been screaming about the dangers of vaccines and mercury-loaded dental fillings, and now the truth comes out – and scientifically proven at that.

Disordered urinary porphyrin metabolism – the smoking gun of the autism–mercury connection

Six American studies have linked autism to mercury exposure by analyzing disordered porphyrin metabolism in autistic kids, but the mass media has been prohibited from publishing them or even discussing them at all because their sponsors are Big Pharma conglomerates. That is why you never hear anything about them on television, in newspapers or on mainstream media websites.

Another study published this past June was carried out by an international team of scientists who measured pro-inflammatory neuro peptides that indicate the presence of mercury in blood. The results showed a positive linear relationship between mercury levels and the severity of autism symptoms.

The previously mentioned study done by the scientists from Egyptian medical schools included analyzing the mothers of autistic children who had multiple dental silver amalgams (mercury-loaded fillings), which the scientists said most likely contributed to the children s body levels of mercury. You could call these the silver bullets from the smoking gun.

Special note: Ethyl mercury in thimerosal (used for vaccines, especially flu shots) is at least 50 times as toxic to human tissue as the methylmercury in amalgams and fish, and can prove to be twice as persistent in the brain. When mercury is injected into the blood and muscle tissue, it bypasses normal protective human filters, such as the lungs, digestive organs and the skin. This is also how mercury can cross the blood/brain barrier.

It s not just mercury causing metabolic brain disease, but also lead and aluminum

In 2015, a paper published in Behavioral Neurology by a group of researchers from the National Institute of Standards revealed results of a study of 100 autistic children with significantly high levels of mercury, lead and aluminum that may have resulted from environmental exposure. Aluminum is often also found in vaccines, and lead has been revealed to be in most U.S. tap water. sometimes at alarming levels (think of Flint, Michigan, here).

Detoxification by chelating agents could play a major role in improving the lives and mental and social capacities of children afflicted with metabolic brain disease. Remember, autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that appears during infancy or childhood (not at birth), with a broad array of communication and learning impairments, from mild to moderate to severe. It is rarely, if ever, inherited, but rather brought on by an overload of neurotoxins either consumed, injected or ingested from environmental factors, or all of the above.

Realize the CDC has formally admitted to covering up the autism-mercury-vaccine link

Mercury is the most toxic non-radioactive element on earth and the second most poisonous element known to mankind, second only to uranium, yet, for some reason, it’s still used in vaccines as a preservative, even when there are several other options that are not toxic that would do the same job. It is scientific fact that human brain neurons permanently disintegrate in the presence of mercury within one hour of exposure. Thimerosal is a mercury containing preservative (about 50 percent mercury), and the World Health Organization warned about its use in vaccines way back in 1990.

Plus, mercury is a cumulative poison. meaning the body has difficulty removing it and it accumulates significantly over time. Some infants receive more mercury in one day than the WHO recommends as a maximum for adults for three months worth of exposure. One scientific fact most Americans do not know is that aluminum (listed as aluminum phosphate) in vaccines greatly increases the toxicity of mercury (listed as thimerosal), therefore caution about minimum mercury tolerance is severely underestimated.

Does the CDC mix vaccines with aluminum and mercury in combination? Absolutely. The Diptheria and Tetanus “toxoid” inoculations have “trace” amounts of mercury combined in the same vaccine with aluminum. What’s in the whooping cough vaccine? Aluminum phosphate and formaldehyde. Mix that aluminum phosphate with a flu shot laced with mercury and measure the level (potency) of mercury and see what that does to the central nervous system and the brain. Remember, aluminum makes the vaccine more “powerful.”

Since 2002, the CDC has been covering up the link between autism and the MMR vaccine. Dr. William W. Thompson. a senior scientist and epidemiologist at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Immunization Safety Branch) confessed to the vaccine-autism connection in a confession letter (an email Dr. Thompson wrote to officials at CDC via his attorneys). After being silent about the cover-up for over a decade, Dr. Thompson said he could no longer stand to look at parents whose children were suffering from autism and keep silent about the whole conspiracy, so he blew the whistle.

Sources for this article include:

Best Inpatient Eating Disorder Rehab Centers #eating #disorder #treatment #kansas #city


People of all ages suffer from eating disorders each year. Often, they do not receive help; of those who do get help, only 35 percent of people receive specialized treatment meant to target eating disorders specifically, according to data from the National Association of Anorexia. Eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia. are both physical and mental disorders, and they can be fatal if left untreated. People who have to watch someone suffering from an eating disorder may develop depression and other problems, so they are affected as well. Overcoming an eating disorder is a long, arduous process. It often takes years to recover. However, we can get you started on the first step. If you or a loved one displays symptoms of anorexia, bulimia or a similar disease, call our hotline at 1-888-341-7785 .

Inpatient vs. Outpatient Treatment

People can receive treatment either at a residential facility or through outpatient counseling sessions. Inpatient treatment offers a more structured treatment environment that allows the patient to be monitored by dietitians and nutrition experts to determine whether he or she is getting appropriate calorie intake and progressing in recovery.

Do I Need a Residential Rehab Facility?

Those in the grips of anorexia or bulimia find it difficult or impossible to curtail their harmful eating habits, and often require assistance from professionals. As loving and supportive as friends and family may be, they lack the objectivity to treat an eating disorder.

Is Rehab Private and Confidential?

All medical treatment performed in an eating disorder rehab center must remain private. The only people who can see a patient’s medical records are the patient, the staff of the facility specifically assigned to the patient and anyone who has been authorized. A breach of this rule is grounds for legal action. Patients may have private rooms. or they may be assigned a roommate for support purposes or to make most efficient use of space.

How Long Does Inpatient Rehab Last?

No promises can be made for recovery from an eating disorder; it happens at its own pace according to how prepared the person is. An eating disorder is as much a defense mechanism as a disease. However, certain things can be planned. The first month or two months of treatment will be devoted to ensuring the patient regains a healthy weight; starvation and malnutrition create neurochemical imbalances in the brain that make further treatment impossible. The cognitive-behavioral phase of therapy can take a year or more, depending on the severity of the disease.

What Happens During Treatment?

“Those in the grips of anorexia or bulimia find it difficult or impossible to curtail their harmful eating habits, and often require assistance from professionals.” When the person is admitted to the eating disorder rehab center, the first step is a preliminary physical checkup to determine health issues. The checkup will include weighing, which can be distressing to someone suffering from an eating disorder. The next phase of treatment is a strictly controlled diet designed to get the patient back to healthy weight and function. After this, the behavioral therapy begins. During this phase of treatment, the counselors help the patient come to terms with the underlying causes of the eating disorder and address them in a healthy manner. After the patient has recovered, he or she is released, but expected to meet with therapists regularly to keep track of progress and decrease the possibility of relapse .

Paying for Eating Disorder Treatment

The cost of eating disorder treatment can run from $500 to $2,000 per day, according to the South Carolina Department of Mental Health. Insurance companies have only recently begun recognizing eating disorders as a serious mental illness, and it may be difficult to get coverage. However, the facility may offer financing options. Bear this in mind when choosing your rehab facility.

Should I Travel or Stay Near Home?

In addition to other factors, location should be taken into account when deciding where to get treatment for an eating disorder. Going away from home to an eating disorder rehab center may create extra anxiety, but if home life is a trigger for eating disordered behavior, it could be a good idea. It depends on the patient’s personal support network and the conditions of the eating disorder.

I Want to Find an Executive or Luxury Rehab Center

If business-related duties have deterred you or someone you care for from looking for assistance for a drug use issue or behavior-related addiction, executive rehabilitation facilities may be just the thing that’s needed. By marrying highly-rated drug abuse and behavior addiction treatments with the freedom of occasional computer and phone access, an executive team member can get sober in privacy and comfort.

Many Excellent illicit substance and behavior addiction treatment clinics furnish the top-shelf amenities you would only expect to find in the world’s finest hotels, with your success and well-being being the areas of focus. From in-house massage therapy and housekeeping services to gym facilities and fine linens, you can get excellent substance addiction and behavioral treatment for yourself or someone you care for while keeping comfortable. For a hand in searching for the best-quality luxury treatment programs for an eating disorder, dial our no-cost helpline now at 1-888-341-7785.

What Happens After?

Learning to live again after an eating disorder takes time. You will meet with a dietitian and a doctor regularly. They will determine whether you have maintained a healthy diet and healthy weight.

Are You Ready?

It’s never easy for someone to admit they struggle with an eating disorder. However, if you know you have a problem and know that you cannot change your harmful thought patterns without help, you have taken the first step toward recovery. Call us on 1-888-341-7785 to get help.

You May Want to Learn More About:

  • Intervention . No one wants to believe he or she has anorexia or bulimia. Ask close friends and family to point out changes in behavior. Do not mention weight in any way during an intervention; comments like, “You’ve gotten so skinny!” or similar is seen by an anorexic as a compliment rather than an expression of concern.
  • Assessment. It’s important to assess one’s health before treatment begins. As eating disorders take a toll on physical health, certain treatments may need to be in place to correct imbalances.
  • Inpatient vs. outpatient. Inpatient treatment. in most cases, is the better option for treating an eating disorder because of the structured lifestyle it provides.
  • Treatment methods. Eating disorders are treated with a mixture of cognitive behavioral therapy, group sessions, and dialectical behavioral therapy.
  • Recovery. Recovering from an eating disorder is not a straight path. Often it will feel as though you’re taking two steps forward and one back. Relapse may be a part of the recovery process and should not be a reason to quit treatment.

It’s Not Too Late to Turn Everything Around

Eating disorder rehab centers care for people of all ages. It’s vital to get help for the disease as soon as possible. The Renfrew Center for Eating Disorders states that between 10 and 20 percent of people who develop anorexia die as a direct result of complications from the disease. Call our hotline today at 1-888-341-7785 to turn your or your loved one’s life around.

Need Help? Contact a Sponsor Treatment Center Below (Who answers?)

Call us toll free 24/7 at 1-888-341-7785

You need to be supportive of him or her in endeavors that do not relate to food, weight or body image. Avoid complimenting the person on their looks; instead, focus on qualities that are not related to appearance. Do not berate the person about their behavior because it can be triggering. Victims of an eating disorder typically have low self-esteem. Above all, be loving and supportive.

What happens when you call an eating disorder hotline?

An eating disorder hotline will refer you to the nearest eating disorder rehab center and describe the intake process. You can also call a hotline for moral support or referrals to counselors in your area. Operators on these hotlines are trained professionals who specialize in dealing with eating disorders.

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2017 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code F31 #euthymic #bipolar #disorder


Home > 2017 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Codes > Mental, Behavioral and Neurodevelopmental disorders F01-F99 > Mood [affective] disorders F30-F39 > Bipolar disorder F31-

2017 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code F31.2

Bipolar disorder, current episode manic severe with psychotic features

    2016 2017 Billable/Specific Code
  • F31.2 is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis for reimbursement purposes.
  • This is the American ICD-10-CM version of F31.2. Other international versions of ICD-10 F31.2 may differ.
  • Reimbursement claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015 require the use of ICD-10-CM codes.

Applicable To

  • Bipolar disorder, current episode manic with mood-congruent psychotic symptoms
  • Bipolar disorder, current episode manic with mood-incongruent psychotic symptoms

Approximate Synonyms

  • Bipolar 1 disorder, manic, severe, w psychosis
  • Bipolar 1 disorder, manic, severe, w psychosis, mood congruent
  • Bipolar 1 disorder, manic, severe, w psychosis, mood incongruent
  • Bipolar 1 disorder, manic, severe, with psychosis
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Severe manic bipolar I disorder with psychotic features
  • Severe manic bipolar I disorder with psychotic features, mood-congruent
  • Severe manic bipolar I disorder with psychotic features, mood-incongruent

ICD-10-CM F31.2 is grouped within Diagnostic Related Group (MS-DRG v34.0):

  • 885 Psychoses

Convert ICD-10-CM F31.2 to ICD-9-CM

UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs #substance #abuse, #drug #dependence, #addiction, #treatment, #prevention, #methamphetamine, #heroin, #buprenorphine, #medication #development, #alcohol, #methadone, #prop #36, #matrix #model, #cognitive #behavioral #therapy, #contingency #management, #clinical #trials #network, #dual #diagnoses, #co-occurring #disorder, #drug-abusing #offenders, #injection, #injecting, #behavioral #treatment, #research, #training, #clinical #training #program, #research #training, #treatment #training, #medication, #evidence-based, #recovery, #women, #adolescents, #men #who #have #sex #with #men, #gay, #offenders, #criminal #justice, #sacpa, #substance #abuse #and #crime #prevention #act, #research-based #interventions, #research #to #practice, #longitudinal #drug #abuse #research, #addiction #technology #transfer #center, #safety, #efficacy, #dual #diagnosis, #special #populations, #ethnic #minorities, #transgender, #hiv, #aids, #maternal #hiv #stimulants, #outpatient


New Edition of Staying in Touch Manual Now Available!

UCLA ISAP has collaborated with the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the SAMHSA Grantee Data Technical Assistance (GDTA) team to publish Staying in Touch: A Fieldwork Manual of Tracking Procedures (Third Edition) .

Staying in Touch is designed to assist SAMHSA-funded grantees to stay in touch with people receiving services and to meet GPRAMA reporting requirements. The manual includes information on numerous staying-in-touch, tracking, and locating procedures from the simple and inexpensive to the complex and costly.

If you are a current SAMHSA grantee or project officer, you can access Staying in Touch .

Coming soon – downloadable PDF of Staying in Touch for everyone on the SAMHSA website. Watch this space for details!

ISAP, Egypt, and Camels…Oh My!

The 9th Kasr Al-Ainy Annual International Psychiatry Congress brought several ISAP researchers to Cairo, Egypt, in February 2016. Between the discussions about positive psychiatry, treatment strategies for adolescent substance use, psychiatric and addiction comorbidities, concepts of the cognitive behavioral therapy approach, and continuing UCLA’s training efforts with junior Egyptian psychiatrists, we had the privilege to ride camels in front of the amazing Giza pyramids.

From left to right are Rachel Castaneda and family, Jeff Annon, Christine Grella, Sherry Larkins and family, and Valerie Antonini and family. This photo does not include Karen Miotto, Al and Aaron Hasson, and Rick Rawson. All previously rode camels, apparently.

ADHD Wellness Center – ADHD Education, Management and Treatment – The Woodlands, Texas #adhd,add,wellness #center,behavioral #treatment,adhd #testing,adhd #coaching,adhd #the #woodlands,add #the #woodlands,wellness #center #the #woodlands,behavioral #treatment #the #woodlands,adhd #testing #the #woodlands,adhd #coaching #the #woodlands,adhd #texas,add #texas,wellness #center #texas,behavioral #treatment #texas,adhd #testing #texas,adhd #coaching #texas,behavior #management,behavioral #management,adhd #doctor,add #doctor,attention #deficit #hyperactivity #disorder,attention #deficit #disorder,houston,texas,adhd #wellness #center,depression,anxiety,autism,asperger #s #syndrome,asperger #s #disorder,bipolar #disorder,time #management,parent #management #training,individual #therapy,family #therapy,dawn #brown,md,dawn #k. #brown,dawn #k. #brown #md,adhd #wellness #center #in #the #woodlands #texas,adhd #wellness #center #in #spring #texas,major #depression #disorder,ptsd,post #traumatic #stress #disorder,panic #disorder,panic #attacks,ocd,obsessive #compulsive #disorder,tic #disorder,tourette #s #syndrome,group #therapy,seminars,connors,rating #scales,vanderbilt,adult #rating #scale,child #psychiatry,child #psychiatrist,psychiatrist,adult #psychiatrist,adolescent #psychiatrist,child #and #adolescent #psychiatrist,physician,mental #health #doctor,mental #health #provider,mental #health #center,add #clinic,adhd #clinic,2219 #sawdust.



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ADHD Wellness Center

Changes take place on a daily basis in our personal lives, at work, at school. A lot of things can distract us from completing tasks or pursuing long-term goals. For most people, adjusting to changes and coping with tasks are manageable. For others however, Learning and Behavioral disabilities, more particularly ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), could get in the way of even completing the simplest of tasks. It s okay to fall behind a task or two, but when this becomes more frequent, it could affect family relationships, school performance and even put your job at risk.

At ADHD Wellness Center. we understand what you have to go through, as an adult with ADHD or a parent struggling to deal with a child diagnosed with this learning and behavioral disorder. Through us, you’ll receive sound advice and treatment options to ease the many challenges associated with ADHD.

Our Mission Statement

Our mission is to empower individuals to discover their full potential in life by promoting awareness and education for ADHD management utilizing a structured academic platform, community integration, and treatment care plan. We will provide the highest quality of care to our patients in an environment where they feel supported, validated and well informed.

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Understanding Alcohol Abuse – the Basics #alcohol, #alcohol #abuse, #alcohol #use #disorder, #alcoholism, #drinking, #family #history, #intoxication, #blood #alcohol, #drunk, #drunkeness, #hypoglycemia, #high #blood #pressure, #brain, #heart #damage, #liver #damage, #enlarged #blood #vessels, #skin, #chronic #gastritis, #pancreatitis, #pneumonia, #tuberculosis, #impotence, #fetus, #craving, #dependence


Understanding Alcohol Use Disorder — the Basics

People have been brewing and fermenting alcoholic drinks since the dawn of civilization. Consumed in moderate amounts, alcoholic beverages are relaxing and in some cases may even have beneficial effects on heart health. Consumed in excess, alcohol is poisonous and is considered a drug. It is estimated that between 18 million — or one in 12 adults — in the U.S. abuse alcohol or are chronic alcoholics. Nearly 100,000 Americans die each year as a result of alcohol abuse. and alcohol is a factor in more than half of the country’s homicides, suicides, and traffic accidents. Alcohol abuse also plays a role in many social and domestic problems, from job absenteeism and crimes against property to spousal and child abuse .

The immediate physical effects of drinking alcohol range from mild mood changes to complete loss of coordination, vision. balance, and speech — any of which can be signals of acute alcohol intoxication, or drunkenness. These effects usually wear off in a matter of hours after a person stops drinking. Many law-enforcement agencies regard a .08 percentage of alcohol in the bloodstream as evidence of intoxication. Larger amounts of blood alcohol can impair brain function and eventually cause unconsciousness. An extreme overdose, alcohol poisoning, can be fatal.

Alcohol use disorder is a potentially fatal disease, characterized by cravings, tolerance (needing more), physical dependence, and loss of control over consuming alcohol. Alcohol intoxication may or may not be obvious to observers. Even in highly functional alcoholics, chronic alcoholism can lead to physical problems. Most common is damage to your liver, which over time can lead to cirrhosis (scarred liver). Other risks include depression, stomach bleeds, pancreatitis. high blood pressure, heart failure, numbness and tingling in your feet and changes in your brain. Alcoholism can also increase your risk for infections including pneumonia. tuberculosis. and chronic gastritis .

Alcoholism can also lead to impotence in men, damage to the fetus in pregnant women, and an elevated risk of cancer of the larynx, esophagus. liver. breast. stomach. pancreas. and upper gastrointestinal tract. Because heavy drinkers seldom have adequate diets, they may have nutritional deficiencies. Heavy drinkers typically have impaired liver function. and up to one in five develops cirrhosis .


The alcoholic’s continual craving for alcohol makes abstinence — an important goal of treatment — extremely difficult. The condition is also complicated by denial: Alcoholics might be reluctant to admit their excess drinking either because of denial or guilt. Another barrier to receiving care is that physicians screen only about 15% of their primary care patients for alcohol disorders.

Historically, alcoholic behavior was blamed on a character flaw or weakness of will; experts now consider chronic alcoholism a disease that can afflict anyone.

In young people binge drinking is more acceptable, and teenagers tend to drink with friends. Older people are more likely to drink alone, and take medications or have co-morbidities that make drinking more risky. Both situations can make it hard to identify a problem drinker.

What Causes Alcoholism?

The cause of alcoholism seems to be a blend of genetic, physical, psychological, environmental, and social factors that vary among individuals. A given person’s risk of becoming an alcoholic is three to four times greater if a parent is alcoholic. Some children of alcohol abusers, however, overcome the hereditary pattern by not drinking any alcohol at all.

WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Sabrina Felson, MD on March 15, 2017


American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th edition, 2000.

Alcohol Abuse. Psychiatric Annuls 2005.

Combs, R. Handbook of Addictive Disorders: A Practical Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment. Wiley, 2004.

Littleton, J. American Journal of Addiction. 2003.

The Alcoholism Guide (

The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Vol. 35, 2016.

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